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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: PROCESS TECHNOLOGIES FOR PRODUCING BIOFUELS AND COPRODUCTS FROM LIGNOCELLULOSIC FEEDSTOCKS

Location: Bioenergy Research Unit

Title: Furfural and ethanol production from corn stover by dilute phosphoric acid pretreatment

Authors
item Avci, Ayse -
item Saha, Badal
item Kennedy, Gregory
item Cotta, Michael

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: August 12, 2012
Publication Date: August 16, 2012
Citation: Avci, A., Saha, B.C., Kennedy, G.J., Cotta, M.A. 2012. Furfural and ethanol production from corn stover by dilute phosphoric acid pretreatment [abstract]. Society for Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology. Paper No. P68.

Technical Abstract: Lignocellulosic biomass is the most abundant carbohydrate source in the world and has potential for economical production of biofuels, especially ethanol. However, its composition is an obstacle for the production of ethanol by the conventional ethanol producing yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae as it is not able to utilize hemicellulosic sugars of biomass which make up 20-35%. Furfural is an important chemical used in several industries such as oil refining, plastics, pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals. It is the degradation product of xylose produced from hemicellulosic fraction of biomass during typical dilute H2SO4 pretreatment at high temperature. We found that dilute H3PO4 pretreatment at high temperature is highly effective for production of furfural during pretreatment of corn stover. We have optimized the pretreatment conditions (acid dose, temperature, duration) for maximum furfural production from corn stover using dilute H3PO4. The liquid portion after dilute H3PO4 (1%, w/v) pretreatment of corn stover (10%, w/w) at 200 oC for 10 min contained 10.2 g furfural (56% of theoretical yield) per L. The solid residue containing cellulose fraction was used for ethanol production by S. cerevisiae with excellent yield after enzymatic hydrolysis using commercial cellulase and ß-glucosidase preparations. The details will be presented.

Last Modified: 11/24/2014
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