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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: CONSERVATION, CHARACTERIZATION, AND EVALUATION OF CROP GENETIC RESOURCES AND ASSOCIATED INFORMATION Title: Parallel domestication of the Shattering1 genes in cereals

Authors
item Lin, Zhongwei -
item Li, Xianran -
item Shannon, Laura -
item Yeh, Chen-Ting -
item Wang, Ming
item Bai, Guihua
item Peng, Zhao -
item Li, Jiarui -
item Trick, Harold -
item Clemente, Thomas -
item Doebley, John -
item Schnable, Patrick -
item Tuinstra, Mitchell -
item Tesso, Tesfaye -
item White, Frank -
item Yu, Jianming -

Submitted to: Nature Genetics
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: April 19, 2012
Publication Date: May 13, 2012
Citation: Lin, Z., Li, X., Shannon, L.M., Yeh, C., Wang, M.L., Bai, G., Peng, Z., Li, J., Trick, H.N., Clemente, T.E., Doebley, J., Schnable, P.S., Tuinstra, M.R., Tesso, T.T., White, F., Yu, J. 2012. Parallel domestication of the Shattering1 genes in cereals. Nature Genetics. 44:720-724.

Interpretive Summary: A key step during crop domestication is the loss of seed shattering. Here, we show that seed shattering in sorghum is controlled by a single gene, Shattering1 (Sh1), which encodes a YABBY transcription factor. Domesticated sorghums harbor three different mutations at the Sh1 locus. Variants at regulatory sites in the promoter and intronic regions lead to a low level of expression, a 2.2-kb deletion causes a truncated transcript that lacks exons 2 and 3, and a GT-to-GG splice-site variant in the intron 4 results in removal of the exon 4. The distributions of these non-shattering haplotypes among sorghum landraces suggest three independent origins. The function of the rice ortholog (OsSh1) was subsequently validated with a shattering-resistant mutant, and two maize orthologs (ZmSh1-1 and ZmSh1-5.1+ZmSh1-5.2) were verified with a large mapping population. Our results indicate that Sh1 genes for seed shattering were under parallel selection during sorghum, rice and maize domestication.

Technical Abstract: A key step during crop domestication is the loss of seed shattering. Here, we show that seed shattering in sorghum is controlled by a single gene, Shattering1 (Sh1), which encodes a YABBY transcription factor. Domesticated sorghums harbor three different mutations at the Sh1 locus. Variants at regulatory sites in the promoter and intronic regions lead to a low level of expression, a 2.2-kb deletion causes a truncated transcript that lacks exons 2 and 3, and a GT-to-GG splice-site variant in the intron 4 results in removal of the exon 4. The distributions of these non-shattering haplotypes among sorghum landraces suggest three independent origins. The function of the rice ortholog (OsSh1) was subsequently validated with a shattering-resistant mutant, and two maize orthologs (ZmSh1-1 and ZmSh1-5.1+ZmSh1-5.2) were verified with a large mapping population. Our results indicate that Sh1 genes for seed shattering were under parallel selection during sorghum, rice and maize domestication.

Last Modified: 12/20/2014
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