Page Banner

United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: CONSERVATION, CHARACTERIZATION, AND EVALUATION OF CROP GENETIC RESOURCES AND ASSOCIATED INFORMATION

Location: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit

Title: Native Warm Season Grasses in the National Plant Germplasm System

Author
item Harrison, Melanie

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: April 30, 2012
Publication Date: October 22, 2012
Citation: Harrison Dunn, M.L. 2012. Native Warm Season Grasses in the National Plant Germplasm System [abstract]. ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts. Paper No. 112-9.

Interpretive Summary: The USDA National Plant Germplasm System (NPGS) warm-season grass collection which is maintained in Griffin, Georgia currently has over 7300 samples of which less than ten percent of the collection can be classified as native grass material. This native grass material has been collected from different areas of the United States by various cooperators dating back to the 1950s. The species maintained include big bluestem, sand bluestem, blue grama, black grama, side-oats grama, little bluestem, switchgrass and indiangrass. The majority of the material has been collected in the western states including Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, North and South Dakota, Oklahoma, Texas and Wyoming. There is a need to collect native plant material from other areas of the U.S. that are under-represented in the collection. Evidence in the literature demonstrates that there are genetic differences in material collected from different regions of the U.S. Recent efforts to acquire material through collection trips and donations has greatly increases both the quantity and diversity of native grasses in the NPGS collection. As interest in native grass research increases, the need to acquire additional accessions to add to the collection becomes more important as well as to increase the diversity of the material.

Technical Abstract: The USDA National Plant Germplasm System (NPGS) warm-season grass collection which is maintained in Griffin, Georgia currently has over 7300 accessions of which less than ten percent of the collection can be classified as native grass material. This native grass material has been collected from different areas of the United States by various cooperators dating back to the 1950s. The species maintained include Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem), A. hallii (sand bluestem), Bouteloua gracilis (blue grama), B. eriopoda (black grama), B. curtipendula (side-oats grama), Schizachyrium scoparium (little bluestem), Panicum virgatum (switchgrass) and Sorghastrum nutans (indiangrass). The majority of the material has been collected in the western states including Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, North and South Dakota, Oklahoma, Texas and Wyoming. There is a need to collect germplasm from other areas of the U.S. that are under-represented in the collection. Evidence in the literature demonstrates that there are genetic differences in material collected from different regions of the U.S. Recent efforts to acquire material through collection trips and donations has greatly increases both the quantity and diversity of native grasses in the NPGS collection. As interest in native grass research increases, the need to acquire additional accessions to add to the collection becomes more important as well as to increase the diversity of the material.

Last Modified: 10/1/2014
Footer Content Back to Top of Page