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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: RESEARCH TO DEVELOP STRATEGIES AND TECHNOLOGIES FOR PRESERVING PLANT GENETIC DIVERSITY IN EX SITU GENEBANKS

Location: Plant Germplasm Preservation Research Unit

Title: Conservation of US citrus collections using cryopreservation

Authors
item Volk, Gayle
item Bonnart, Remi
item Krueger, Robert
item Lee, Richard

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: April 23, 2012
Publication Date: July 31, 2012
Citation: Volk, G.M., Bonnart, R.M., Krueger, R., Lee, R.F. 2012. Conservation of US citrus collections using cryopreservation. Meeting Abstract. Available: http://ashs.org/abstracts/m/abstracts12/abstract_id_10287.html.

Interpretive Summary: The USDA-ARS National Plant Germplasm System and the University of California Citrus Variety Collection maintain more than 850 unique accessions of Citrus, Fortunella, and citrus wild species. We have developed a method to back-up critical screenhouse and greenhouse Citrus collections using cryopreservation. Shoot tips are excised from actively growing vegetative flushes, surface disinfected, and then treated with cryoprotectant solutions. Shoot tips are then immersed in liquid nitrogen, held, and warmed to check for survival. Recovered shoot tips are micrografted onto etiolated ‘Carrizo’ seedling rootstocks. Regrowth levels are greater than 50% for cultivars representing eight Citrus and Fortunella species. The method may also be useful for cryotherapy to remove pathogens from infected source plant material.

Technical Abstract: The USDA-ARS National Plant Germplasm System and the University of California Citrus Variety Collection maintain more than 850 unique accessions of Citrus, Fortunella, and citrus wild relatives. We have developed a method to back-up critical screenhouse and greenhouse Citrus collections using cryopreservation. Shoot tips are excised from actively growing vegetative flushes, surface disinfected, and then treated with cryoprotectant solutions. Shoot tips are then immersed in liquid nitrogen, held, and warmed to check for survival. Recovered shoot tips are micrografted onto etiolated ‘Carrizo’ seedling rootstocks. Regrowth levels are greater than 50% for cultivars representing eight Citrus and Fortunella species. The method may also be useful for cryotherapy to remove pathogens from infected source plant material.

Last Modified: 9/21/2014
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