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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: INNOVATIVE BIORESOURCE MANAGEMENT TECHNOLOGIES FOR ENHANCED ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY AND VALUE OPTIMIZATION

Location: Coastal Plain Soil, Water and Plant Conservation Research

Title: Fugitive gas adsorption capacity of biomass and animal-manure derived biochars

Authors
item Ro, Kyoung
item Reddy, G -
item Lima, Isabel
item Mahajan, D -

Submitted to: American Society of Agronomy Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: June 27, 2011
Publication Date: October 16, 2011
Citation: Ro, K.S., Reddy, G.B., Lima, I.M., Mahajan, D. 2011. Fugitive gas adsorption capacity of biomass and animal-manure derived biochars [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Society of Agronomy - Crop Science Society of America - Soil Science Society of America Annual Meeting, October 16-19, 2011, San Antonio, Texas.

Technical Abstract: This research characterized and investigated ammonia and hydrogen sulfide gas adsorption capacities of low- and high-temperature biochars made from wood shavings and chicken litter. The biochar samples were activated with steam or phosphoric acid. The specific surface areas and pore volumes of the activated or non-activated biochar samples were evaluated according to the Brunauer, Emmett, and Teller (BET) isotherm model using nitrogen as an adsorbate. The surface characteristics of biocar samples were analyzed with the scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Proximate and ultimate analyses were also performed. Calibrated ammonia gas with 20 to 100 parts per million concentration was passed through a column packed with biochar samples at 3 liter per minute. Effluent gas concentration was monitored via a photoacoustic analyzer in order to establish breakthrough curves. The adsorption capacity of the biochar was calculated from integrating the breakthrough curves. To date, we found that ammonia adsorption capacities based on 50% breakthrough curves ranged from 0.25 to 0.75 miligram/gram for non-activated biochars and 0.1 to 36.2 for activated biochars. The ammonia adsorption capacity was strongly correlated with the total acidity of the biochar. The adsorption experiments are still ongoing and the final results will be presented at the meeting.

Last Modified: 9/2/2014
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