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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Maintaining Quality and Extending Shelf and Shipping Life of Fresh Fruit with No or Minimal Synthetic Pesticide Inputs

Location: Commodity Protection and Quality

Title: Assessing factors influencing the postharvest quality of California mandarins - Variability in waxing-induced ethanol and aroma volatile production among mandarin varieties

Authors
item Arpaia, Mary Lu -
item Collin, S -
item Sievert, J -
item Obenland, David

Submitted to: Citrograph
Publication Type: Trade Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: August 6, 2013
Publication Date: August 6, 2013
Citation: Arpaia, M., Collin, S., Sievert, J., Obenland, D.M. 2013. Assessing factors influencing the postharvest quality of California mandarins - Variability in waxing-induced ethanol and aroma volatile production among mandarin varieties. Citrograph. 36-39.

Technical Abstract: Mandarins often develop off-flavors during storage that impact consumer acceptance and it would be useful to develop mandarin varieties that are less susceptible to postharvest flavor loss. Ethanol has long been identified to be associated with flavor loss in citrus. A range of diverse mandarin genotypes were screened for their ability to produce ethanol in response to both waxing and storage or a 2-h exposure to nitrogen gas and were found to differ greatly in ethanol content both at harvest and after treatment. Headspace measurements of intact fruit were not predictive of internal juice ethanol concentrations and exposure to nitrogen did not accurately mimic the effect of waxing and storage on ethanol accumulation. High ethanol production was associated with enhanced accumulation of other alcohols and esters that likely influence flavor. Screening for ethanol production could potentially identify mandarin genotypes that differ in the propensity to produce off-flavor volatiles and aid in better understanding the relationship between ethanol production and aroma volatile accumulation.

Last Modified: 11/25/2014
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