Location: Crop Germplasm Research
Title: Genetic diversity in the U.S. Cotton Germplasm Collection as revealed by SSR markers Authors
Submitted to: National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: January 6, 2012
Publication Date: N/A
Technical Abstract: A comprehensive knowledge of the genetic diversity within the U.S. Gossypium Germplasm Collection is necessary to achieve its most effective utilization and the greatest efficiency in its maintenance. To improve our knowledge of the collection's diversity, 2,256 accessions representing 31 species of Gossypium, or approximately a quarter of the collection, were genotyped using a core SSR marker set of 105 markers. Labeled primers for the SSRs were created using FAM, HEX, or NED labels, creating 35 primer sets for multiplex PCR amplification. Good amplification occurred for 104 of the 105 markers. A total of 1702 alleles were observed across all markers, for an average of 16.4 alleles per SSR primer. A PIC value of 0.71 was obtained for the set of 2,256 accessions. Within G. hirsutum, an average of 11.5 alleles per marker was observed in race stock accessions, whereas cultivars accessions produced an average of 7.5 alleles per marker. This was reflected in PIC values of 0.65 in race stocks and 0.46 in cultivars of G. hirsutum. Lower PIC values were observed in G. barbadense, with cultivars producing a value of 0.47 and commensal cottons producing a value of 0.52. PIC values for wild diploid species ranged from 0.62 in the D genome to 0.06 in the F genome. There appeared to be large differences in detectable genetic variation within species of genomes. Sixty one percent of the SSRs were polymorphic within G. aridum of the D genome, whereas only six percent of the SSR markers were polymorphic in G. raimondii. Data analyses are still in the initial stages and continue.