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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: ENHANCING QUALITY, UTILITY, SUSTAINABILITY, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF COTTON AND ITS BYPRODUCTS THROUGH IMPROVEMENT IN HARVEST/GIN PROCESSING

Location: Cotton Ginning Research

Title: Dust cyclone research in the 21st century

Authors
item Funk, Paul
item Baker, Kevin

Submitted to: National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: December 17, 2011
Publication Date: January 3, 2012
Citation: Funk, P.A., Baker, K.D. 2012. Dust cyclone research in the 21st century. National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference Proceedings. January 3-6, 2012, Orlando, Florida. CD.

Interpretive Summary: This literature review searched over 100 manuscripts from several disciplines to find recent developments that may be germane to the air quality fine particulate emissions control needs of post-harvest agricultural processing. Though improvements in numerical models have been considerable, the unstable turbulent flow of a cyclonic separator defies accurate prediction across the full range of dust loadings, geometry variations and operating conditions. Laboratory validation with confirming trials in the field remains a necessity.

Technical Abstract: Research to meet the demand for ever more efficient dust cyclones continues after some eighty years. Recent trends emphasize design optimization through computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and testing design subtleties not modeled by semi-empirical equations. Improvements to current best available control technology will need to be energy-neutral, or the emissions associated with producing additional electricity will offset any emission reductions at the gin.

Last Modified: 10/1/2014
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