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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: PROCESS TECHNOLOGIES FOR PRODUCING BIOFUELS AND COPRODUCTS FROM LIGNOCELLULOSIC FEEDSTOCKS

Location: Bioenergy Research Unit

Title: Optimization of dilute sulfuric acid pretreatment and enzymatic saccharification of corn stover for efficient ethanol production

Authors
item Avci, Ayse -
item Saha, Badal

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: May 10, 2012
Publication Date: May 10, 2012
Citation: Avci, A., Saha, B.C. 2012. Optimization of dilute sulfuric acid pretreatment and enzymatic saccharification of corn stover for efficient ethanol production [abstract]. 34th Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals. Poster No. 2-32.

Technical Abstract: Dilute acid pretreatment is a promising pretreatment technology for conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to fuel ethanol. Corn stover (supplied by a local farmer) used in this study contained 37.0±0.4% cellulose, 31.3±0.6% hemicelluloses, and 17.8±0.2% lignin. Generation of fermentable sugars from corn stover involves pretreatment and enzymatic saccharification. Pretreatment is crucial as native corn stover is very resistant to enzymatic hydrolysis. We have optimized dilute sulfuric acid (0.0-1.0%, v/v; 140-200 deg C; 5-15 min) pretreatment and enzymatic saccharification (pH 5.0, 45 deg C, 72 h) of corn stover (10%, w/v) using commercial cellulase and ß-glucosidase preparations. No hemicellulase was needed. The optimal conditions for dilute acid pretreatment were: 0.75% H2SO4, 160 deg C, and 5 min. The conditions were chosen based on maximum glucose release, minimum loss of pentose sugars, and minimum formation of sugar degradation products such as furfural and hydroxymethyl furfural (HMF). The pretreated corn stover after enzymatic saccharification using optimized cellulase (15 FPU/g glucan) and ß-glucosidase (12 U/g glucan) doses generated 66.0±3.5 g total sugars per 100 g of stover which is equivalent to 87.8% of the theoretical sugar yield based on the total carbohydrate content of the stover. In addition, it produced 0.86 g furfural per 100 g of corn stover. However, no HMF was produced. The fermentative performance of the mixed sugar utilizing ethanologenic recombinant Escherichia coli strain FBR5 on the non-detoxified corn stover hydrolyzate by both separate hydrolysis and fermentation (SHF) and simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) will be presented.

Last Modified: 9/22/2014
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