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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND MANURE MANAGEMENT FOR REDUCTION OF GAS EMISSIONS, NUTRIENTS, AND PATHOGENS

Location: Agroecosystem Management Research

Title: Hydraulic conditions required to not move unconsolidated surface materials located within feedlots

Authors
item Gilley, John
item Boone, Gregory -
item Marx, David -

Submitted to: Transactions of the ASABE
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: May 1, 2013
Publication Date: July 8, 2013
Repository URL: http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/57121
Citation: Gilley, J.E., Boone, G.D., Marx, D.B. 2013. Hydraulic conditions required to not move unconsolidated surface materials located within feedlots. Transactions of the ASABE. 56(3): 911-918.

Interpretive Summary: Beef cattle feedlots contain surface material that accumulates within feedlot pens during a feeding cycle. Runoff from feedlot surfaces is diverted into settling basins. The storage capacity of settling basins will be substantially reduced if large quantities of solid material are transported in runoff from feedlot surfaces. The objective of this study was to identify the flow characteristics required to initiate movement of the surface material located within feedlots. Selected sizes and a composite sample of the surface material were placed within 0.75 m wide by 4.0 m long metal frames and flow was then introduced at the top of the frames in successive increments. The flow rate and velocity necessary to cause movement of the surface material was then measured. The information presented in this study can be used to identify the flow characteristics required to move unconsolidated surface material located within feedlots.

Technical Abstract: Beef cattle feedlots contain unconsolidated surface material that accumulates within feedlot pens during a feeding cycle. Runoff from feedlot surfaces is diverted into settling basins. The storage capacity of settling basins will be substantially reduced if large quantities of solid material are transported in runoff from feedlot surfaces. The objective of this study was to identify the hydraulic characteristics of unconsolidated surface material located within feedlots. Selected sizes and a composite sample of unconsolidated surface material were placed within 0.75 m wide by 4.0 m long metal frames and flow was then introduced at the top of the frames in successive increments. The discharge rate and flow velocity necessary to cause movement of unconsolidated surface material was measured. Hydraulic measurements were used to calculate the ratio of critical flow depth to particle diameter, critical shear velocity, critical Reynolds number, critical shear stress, critical dimensionless shear stress, and critical boundary Reynolds number which for the composite material were 0.667, 0.0737 m s-1, 678, 3.77 Pacal, 0.0504 and 553, respectively. Regression equations were derived which related selected hydraulic parameters to particle diameter. Roughness coefficients are used to calculate time of concentration, determine flow velocity, and simulate runoff hydrographs. Darcy-Weisbach roughness coefficients were calculated for each particle size class and the composite sample at varying flow rates. The information presented in this study can be used to identify the hydraulic conditions required to move unconsolidated surface material located within feedlots.

Last Modified: 9/1/2014
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