METABOLIC FATE OF CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL CONTAMINANTS
Location: Animal Metabolism-Agricultural Chemicals Research
Title: Development of a UHPLC-MS/MS method for the measurement of chlortetracycline degradation in swine manure
Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: December 22, 2011
Publication Date: March 11, 2012
Citation: Shelver, W.L., Varel, V.H. 2012. Development of a UHPLC-MS/MS method for the measurement of chlortetracycline degradation in swine manure [absstract]. The Pittsburgh Conference on Analytical Chemistry and Applied Spectroscopy, March 11-15, 2012, Orlando, FL.
An ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) method was developed capable of simultaneously measuring chlortetracycline (CTC), epi-chlortetracycline (epi-CTC), isochlortetracycline (ICTC), oxytetracycline, and tetracycline in swine manure. A simple sample preparation was used consisting of extraction, dilution, centrifugation, and ultrafiltration. The concentrations of analyte were calculated using d6-tetracycline as an internal standard in the matrix matched standard curve. A solvent gradient resolved the compounds in 3.5 minutes with an additional 1.5 minutes of re-equilibration allowing the analyses of a large number of samples in a short period of time. MS/MS was used as the detection method giving analyte confirmation in addition to a large dynamic range and high sensitivity. The method detection limits (MDL) ranged from 1.9 pg/uL for CTC to 7.3 pg/uL for ICTC and the calibration curve was linear from 1 to 10,000 pg/uL. The method was tested by measuring CTC and its degradation products as a function of time in incurred swine manure that had been incubated at three different temperatures (22, 38, and 55 C). CTC concentration at 22 C decreased 44% after 25 days; greater percentage decreases were observed when the manure was stored at elevated temperatures (96% and 98% for 38 and 55 C, respectively). The concentration of the microbiologically inactivate isomer, isochlortetracycline (ICTC), increased over the incubation period. At 22 C, ICTC continued to increase through 25 days of incubation; at 38 C, ICTC concentration plateaued on day 14; while at 55 C ICTC concentration plateaued on day 7, with concentration increases of 198%, 374%, and 282% for 22 C, 38 C, and 55 C respectively.