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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: SUSTAINABLE DRYLAND CROPPING SYSTEM FOR THE CENTRAL GREAT PLAINS

Location: Central Plains Resources Management Research

Title: Methods to evaluate soil and crop management-induced soil carbon changes

Authors
item Mikha, Maysoon
item Benjamin, Joseph
item Halvorson, Ardell

Submitted to: Agronomy Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: April 12, 2011
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Throughout the years, many studies evaluated the changes in soil carbon (C) mass on a fixed depth (FD) using the bulk density (BD) associated with the specific depth without considering soil thickness or soil mass. However, within the same study site, different management practices can influence soil BD associated with the specific depth and thus soil mass and the changes in soil C. This study evaluates the effect of different tillage practices and crop residue management on changes in soil C as calculated on a fixed depth method and on the equivalent soil mass (ESM) basis after seven years (2001 to 2008) of cropping seasons in Akron, CO. Two tillage practices were evaluated; no-tillage (NT) and a chisel plow (CP) system. The broadleaf and grass rotation in comparison with continuous corn with two irrigations (full and delay) regime were also evaluate. The soil type is Weld silt loam (fine, smectitic, mesic Aridic Argiustolls). The experiment (tillage, cropping sequence, and irrigation) was organized as split-plot design with three replications. After seven years, the gain in soil C at the 0-30 cm depth calculated on ESM basis was on an average of 6.5 Mg C/ha compared with 2001. Whereas, calculating the changes in soil C on the FD method showed a lost in soil C (-0.8 Mg C/ha) for the rotation plots and a 2.8 Mg C/ha gained for the continuous corn plots.

Last Modified: 4/24/2014