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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Viscoelastic Properties and Polymer Composite Applications of Nano-Materials Derived from Agricultural Byproducts and Feedstocks

Location: Plant Polymer Research

Title: Biochar as potential adsorptive media for estrogenic compounds

Authors
item Peterson, Steven
item Appell, Michael
item Jackson, Michael

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: March 25, 2012
Publication Date: March 29, 2012
Citation: Peterson, S.C., Appell, M.D., Jackson, M.A. 2012. Biochar as potential adsorptive media for estrogenic compounds [abstract]. American Chemical Society. AGFD 230.

Technical Abstract: Endocrine disrupting chemicals are an emerging problem in water pollution due to their toxic effects on humans and wildlife. Estrogenic compounds are a subset of endocrine disrupting chemicals that are particularly dangerous since they are very potent and can affect fish at concentrations as low as 1 ng/L. Adsorption techniques for removing toxic compounds such as these typically use activated carbon. Membrane technology can also be effective although significantly more expensive since most are synthetic and require maintenance to prevent clogging. Biochar is an alternate source of carbon that can be produced from virtually any organic feedstock, and there are many sources that are both renewable and affordable. In this study two biochars from different renewable sources were examined as potential adsorptive media for estrogenic compounds. Sorption isotherms were used to measure the binding activity of these biochars with estrogenic compounds, and these results were correlated with surface area and micropore measurements of each biochar.

Last Modified: 10/31/2014
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