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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Chemistry of Natural Products for Nutraceutical Use, Pest Management and Crop Development

Location: Natural Products Utilization Research

Title: Low-dose pterostilbene but not resveratrol is a potent neuromodulator in aging and Alzheimer’s Disease

Authors
item Chang, Jaewon -
item Rimando, Agnes
item Pallas, Merce -
item Camins, Antoni -
item Porquet, David -
item Reeves, Jennifer -
item Shukitt-Hale, Barbara
item Smith, Mark -
item Joseph, James
item Casadesus, Gemma -

Submitted to: Neurobiology of Aging
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: August 28, 2011
Publication Date: October 7, 2011
Citation: Chang, J., Rimando, A.M., Pallas, M., Camins, A., Porquet, D., Reeves, J., Shukitt Hale, B., Smith, M.A., Joseph, J.A., Casadesus, G. 2011. Low-dose pterostilbene but not resveratrol is a potent neuromodulator in aging and Alzheimer’s Disease. Neurobiology of Aging. 33:2062-2071.

Interpretive Summary: Recent studies have implicated resveratrol and pterostilbene, a resveratrol derivative, in the protection against age-related diseases including Alzheimer’s Disease (AD). The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of resveratrol to that of pterostilbene at improving functional deficits and AD pathology in a mouse model of accelerated aging. Furthermore we sought to determine the mechanism of action responsible for functional improvements observed by studying cellular stress, inflammation and pathology markers known to be altered in AD. Two months of feeding significantly improved radial arm water maze performance in animals on pterostilbene-supplemented diet but not in animals on resveratrol-supplemented diet, compared to control diet fed animals. Importantly, markers of cellular stress, inflammation, and AD pathology were positively modulated by pterostilbene but not resveratrol. Taken together, our findings indicate that at equivalent doses pterostilbene is a more potent modulator of cognition and cellular stress than resveratrol in this animal model.

Technical Abstract: Recent studies have implicated resveratrol and pterostilbene, a resveratrol derivative, in the protection against age-related diseases including Alzheimer’s Disease (AD). However, the mechanism for the favorable effects of resveratrol in the brain remains unclear and little information about direct cross-comparisons between these analogs is rare. As such, the purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of diet-achievable supplementation of resveratrol to that of pterostilbene at improving functional deficits and AD pathology in the senescence-accelerated mouse prone 8 strain (SAMP8 mouse), a model of accelerated aging that is increasingly being validated as a model of sporadic/age-related AD. Furthermore we sought to determine the mechanism of action responsible for functional improvements observed by studying cellular stress, inflammation and pathology markers known to be altered in AD. Two months of pterostilbene diet but not resveratrol significantly improved radial arm water maze function in SAMP8 compared to control-fed animals. Neither resveratrol nor pterostilbene increased Sirt1 expression or downstream markers of Sirt1 activation. Importantly, markers of cellular stress, inflammation, and AD pathology were positively modulated by pterostilbene but not resveratrol and were associated with upregulation of PPAR alpha expression. Taken together our findings indicate that at equivalent and diet achievable doses pterostilbene is a more potent modulator of cognition and cellular stress than resveratrol, likely driven by increased PPAR alpha expression and increased lipophilicity due to substitution of hydroxy with methoxy group in pterostilbene.

Last Modified: 12/18/2014