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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: SOIL CONSERVATION SYSTEMS FOR SUSTAINABILITY OF PACIFIC NORTHWEST AGRICULTURE Title: Soil-profile organic carbon stock changes with increased cropping intensity and reduced tillage

Authors
item Gollany, Hero
item Follett, Ronald
item Polumsky, Robert

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: July 21, 2011
Publication Date: October 14, 2011
Citation: Gollany, H.T., Follett, R.F., Polumsky, R.W. 2011. Soil-profile organic carbon stock changes with increased cropping intensity and reduced tillage. ASA CSSA SSSA 2011 International Annual Meeting. Oct. 16-19, 2011. San Antonia, TX. pp 164.

Technical Abstract: Decades of wheat-fallow rotation with intensive tillage have resulted in reduced soil organic carbon (SOC) storage in the Pacific Northwest dryland region. Research is needed to assess the impact of reduced tillage and intensified alternative cropping systems on soil-profile C accretion. Our objective was to determine the effects of tillage and cropping intensity on SOC stocks for Typic Haploxeroll profiles (0-100 cm) under three cropping systems. A randomized complete block design long-term alternative tillage and crop intensity study was started at Pendleton in 1998 with the following treatments: 1) continuous winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under direct seeding (NT), CWW/NT; 2) winter wheat-winter wheat-sudan (Sorghum sudanese L.) grass rotation under direct seeding, W-W-S/NT; and 3) winter wheat-fallow under sweep tillage, W-F/ST. Using a grid scheme, six geo-referenced cores per plot per block were collected in 2004 and 2008. Soil samples were sectioned at 0-5, 5-10, 10-20, 20-30, 30-60, 60-100, and 100-150 cm. Total soil C and N, organic C, inorganic C and N, and 13^C were determined at each soil depth. After 10 years of NT and increased crop intensity, significant increases in SOC were found down to the 100-cm depth. [GRACEnet Publication].

Last Modified: 12/19/2014
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