STRATEGIES TO PREDICT AND MANIPULATE RESPONSES OF CROPS AND CROP DISEASE TO ANTICIPATED CHANGES OF CARBON DIOXIDE, OZONE, AND TEMPERATURE
Location: Plant Science Research
Title: Determining molecular responses to environmental change in soybeans
Submitted to: Society for Economic Botany Annual Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: April 1, 2011
Publication Date: July 11, 2011
Citation: Schlueter, J., Safari, S., Beine, J., Whaley, A., Burkey, K.O., Carter Jr, T.E. 2011. Determining molecular responses to environmental change in soybeans. Society for Economic Botany Annual Meeting. Abstract number 553.
As the global climate changes, plants will be challenged by environmental stresses that are more extreme and more frequent. The average yield loss due to environmental stresses is currently estimated to be more than 50% for major crop species and is the major limitation to world food production. The discovery of resistance to environmental stresses has been hampered by the complexity of these traits as well as the difficulty in measurement of the plant responses. Recent studies have identified a small family of soybean genotypes from a breeding program in Fiskeby, Sweden, that are resistant or partially resistant to atmospheric ozone pollution as well as other environmental stress conditions. Ozone pollution is often perceived as an urban issue, but the problem is actually regional and includes many agricultural areas. Ozone has been shown to reduce growth and yield in many crops and soybean is known to be an ozone sensitive species. Utilizing Illumina RNA-seq we have surveyed both resistant, Fiskeby III, and susceptible, Mandarin (Ottawa), varieties under both control (low) and high ozone conditions.