Submitted to: Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: August 29, 2011
Publication Date: September 1, 2011
Citation: Grzebelus, D., Baranski, R., Spalik, K., Allender, C., Simon, P.W. 2011. Daucus. In: Kole, C., editor, Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources. New York, NY:Springer. p. 91-113.
The existing collections of Daucus genetic resources have recently been significantly enriched in the germplasm originating from the Mediterranean, the Middle East, Central Asia and Northern Africa. The need for thorough evaluation and valorization of these resources is urgent, as they can provide a basis for developments in carrot breeding for the coming years. At present, several national and international programs are being realized, but there is a need for a formal platform integrating these activities. One of the primary targets for utilization of the genetic resources is the development of cultivars suitable for organic and sustainable production. Carrot is important in the rotation of organic vegetable production systems. Wild materials can provide sources of resistance to a range of biotic and abiotic stresses, providing additional quality to organic and conventional farming. Breeding carrots for higher productivity and quality in all farming systems, and greater adaptation of carrot to warmer climates with concentrated human populations will also benefit from diverse collections of well-characterized germplasm.