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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: IMPACT OF SOIL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT ON SOIL BIOCHEMICAL AND CHEMICAL PROCESSES

Location: National Soil Erosion Research Lab

Title: Impact of 57 years of management on the soil quality of a Vertisol in Central Texas

Authors
item STOTT, DIANE
item Potter, Kenneth
item KARLEN, DOUGLAS
item CAMBARDELLA, CYNTHIA

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: April 30, 2011
Publication Date: October 1, 2011
Citation: Stott, D.E., Potter, K.N., Karlen, D.L., Cambardella, C.A. 2011. Impact of 57 years of management on the soil quality of a Vertisol in Central Texas [abstract]. Fundamental for Life: Soil, Crop, & Environmental Sciences, ASA-CSSA-SSSA International Annual Meetings in conjunction with the Canadian Society of Soil Science, October 16-19, 2011, San Antonio, Texas. 2011 CDROM.

Technical Abstract: Soil quality assessment is a proactive process for understanding the long-term effects of soil and crop management practices within agricultural watersheds. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of management on the soil quality in fields where the management history is known for close to six decades. The fields were located near Riesel TX on the Houston Black soil series (Udic Haplustert), which has a high content of montmorillonitic clay. We sampled five sites representing an untilled native pasture, two previously tilled for row crops and then seeded to coastal Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.) 57 and 31 years ago, and two fields that have been continuously cropped for most of the last 57 years. Six to eight surface (0 to 10 cm) soil samples were taken from each field. Soil bulk density (BD), aggregate stability (AGG), texture, water-filled pore space (WFPS), pH, Mehlich III extractable P, K, Ca and Mg, KCl extractable NO3 and NH4, DTPA extractable Cu, Fe, Mn and Zn, electrical conductivity (EC), total soil organic carbon (SOC), total N, microbial biomass C (MBC), potentially mineralizable C (Cmin) and N (Nmin) were quantified. In addition four enzyme activities were measured: 1,4 ß- glucosidase (BG, a type of cellulase), N-acetyl ß-D- glucosaminidase (a type of chitinase), acid phosphatase, arylamidase and fluorescein diacetate hydrolysis. The soil quality assessment was conducted using the Soil Management Assessment Framework (SMAF). SMAF indicator score values were calculated for BD, AGG, WFPS, pH, EC, SOC, P, K, MBC, Cmin, Nmin, and BG. Results will be discussed.

Last Modified: 9/10/2014
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