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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: GENETIC AND GENOMIC APPROACHES TO IMPROVE EFFICIENCY OF SWINE PRODUCTION AND PRODUCT QUALITY

Location: Reproduction Research

Title: Plenary contribution to International Conference on Boar Semen Preservation 2011: Genetic selection for freezability and its controversy with selection for performance

Authors
item Safranski, Timothy -
item Ford, Johny
item Rohrer, Gary
item Guthrie, Howard

Submitted to: Proceedings of the International Conference on Boar Semen Preservation
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: March 10, 2011
Publication Date: N/A

Interpretive Summary: Artificial insemination in pigs is popular compared to other livestock species despite nearly all matings utilizing fresh, diluted semen rather than frozen semen due to the poor fertility resulting from post-thaw boar semen. While breed and line differences are known to exist for sperm freezability in boars, few data are published on the genetics of semen freezing for pigs or its relationship with other production traits. Genetic parameters for post-thaw survival were estimated based on 920 collections from 254 boars in a Landrace-Duroc-Yorkshire composite population. The heritability of percentage of live sperm cells in thawed semen was 0.228 and there was no evidence that selection to improve this trait would negatively affect growth rate or backfat depth. Thus, sperm freezability is an ideal candidate for marker assisted selection or inclusion in traditional selection programs if the industry wants to improve this trait.

Technical Abstract: Little data are available in the literature regarding freezability of boar sperm or its relationship with other traits. Existing data suggest the trait would respond favorably to selection, and information is available from other species suggesting components which might have changed. Genetic parameters are estimated for boar sperm freezability including heritability and correlations with other production traits. Sperm freezability is an ideal candidate for marker assisted selection or selection for favorable alleles.

Last Modified: 9/1/2014
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