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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Chemistry of Natural Products for Nutraceutical Use, Pest Management and Crop Development

Location: Natural Products Utilization Research

Title: Activity of lycorine analogs against the fish bacterial pathogen Flavobacterium columnare

Authors
item Tan, Cheng-Xia -
item Schrader, Kevin
item Mizuno, Cassia
item Rimando, Agnes

Submitted to: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: April 25, 2011
Publication Date: April 25, 2011
Citation: Tan, C., Schrader, K., Mizuno, C.S., Rimando, A.M. 2011. Activity of lycorine analogs against the fish bacterial pathogen Flavobacterium columnare. Journal of Agricultural & Food Chemistry. 59:5977-5985.

Interpretive Summary: In a continuing effort to discover natural products and natural product-based compounds for the control of columnaris disease in channel catfish, seventeen lycorine analogs were synthesized and tested for their activity against two isolates of the fish bacteria Flavobacterium columnare. Analog 18 had the strongest antibacterial activity towards both isolates. Compound 18 appears to be the most promising lycorine analog for future efficacy studies to determine its potential for use as an alternative to the currently used compounds to control columnaris disease in channel catfish.

Technical Abstract: In a continuing effort to discover natural products and natural product-based compounds for the control of columnaris disease in channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus), seventeen lycorine analogs were synthesized, including new benzoyl analogs 6 – 16, and evaluated for antibacterial activity against two isolates (ALM-00-173 and BioMed) of Flavobacterium columnare using a rapid bioassay. Two of the lycorine analogs had greater antibacterial activity than 1-O-acetyllycorine, an analog of lycorine evaluated previously that is highly active against both isolates. Carbamate analog 18 (1S,2S,3a1S,12bS)-2,3a1,4,5,7,12b-Hexahydro-1H-[1,3]dioxolo[4,5-j]pyrrolo[3,2,1-de]phenanthridin-1,2-diyl-bis(o-tolylcarbamate) had the strongest antibacterial activity towards both F. columnare isolates ALM-00-173 and BioMed, with a 24-h IC50 of 3.0±1.3 mg/L and 3.9±2.2 mg/L, respectively, and a MIC of 5.5±0 mg/L for both isolates. Compound 18 appears to be the most promising lycorine analog for future efficacy studies to determine its potential for use as an alternative to the currently used compounds to control columnaris disease in channel catfish.

Last Modified: 10/30/2014