Submitted to: Phytopathology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: February 7, 2011
Publication Date: June 16, 2011
Citation: Karasev, A., Hu, X., Brown, C., Kerlan, C., Nikolaeva, O., Crosslin, J., Gray, S.M. 2011. Genetic diversity of the ordinary strain of potato virus Y (PVY) and origin of recombinant PVY strains. Phytopathology. 101:778-785.
Interpretive Summary: Potato virus Y (PVY) is an important pathogen of potatoes worldwide. Genetic diversity within PVY is well known, but this report focuses on genetic differences within the so-called "ordinary" strains of PVY and investigates the source of a new group of PVY strains called "O5".
The ordinary strain of Potato virus Y (PVY), PVYO, causes mild mosaic in tobacco and induces necrosis and severe stunting in potato cultivars carrying the Ny gene. There is, however, a growing body of evidence that PVYO strain group is not uniform both genetically and biologically. A novel sub-strain of PVYO was recently reported, PVYO-O5, which is spreading in the U.S. and is distinguished from other PVYO isolates serologically, i.e. reacting to the otherwise PVYN-specific monoclonal antibody 1F5. To characterize this new PVYO-O5 sub-group, and address possible reasons for its continued spread, we conducted a molecular study of PVYO and PVYO-O5 isolates from a North American collection of PVY through whole genome sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. Forty-four PVYO isolates were sequenced, including 31 from the previously defined PVYO-O5 group, and subjected to whole genome analysis. PVYO-O5 isolates formed a separate lineage within the PVYO genome cluster in the whole genome phylogenetic tree and represented a novel evolutionary lineage of PVY from potato. On the other hand, the PVYO sequences separated into at least two distinct lineages on the whole genome phylogenetic tree. A more detailed phylogenetic analysis of a sequence fragment, nt 2,406-5,821, that is present in all recombinant and non-recombinant PVYO genomes revealed that PVYN:O and PVYN-Wi recombinants acquired their PVYO segments from two separate PVYO lineages, while the PVYNTN recombinant acquired its PVYO segment from the same lineage as PVYN:O. These data suggest that PVYN:O and PVYN-Wi recombinants originated from two separate recombination events involving two different PVYO parental genomes, while the PVYNTN recombinants likely originated from the PVYN:O genome via additional recombination events.