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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Using Agricultural and Industrial Byproducts to Improve Crop Production Systems and Environment Quality

Location: National Soil Dynamics Laboratory

Title: Influence of fertilizer placement on gaseous loss (CO2, CH4, N2O, and NH4) under different tillage management practices in a corn cropping system

Authors
item Watts, Dexter
item Torbert, Henry
item Way, Thomas

Submitted to: American Society of Agronomy Meetings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: November 2, 2009
Publication Date: November 2, 2009
Citation: Watts, D.B., Torbert III, H.A., Way, T.R. 2009. Influence of fertilizer placement on gaseous loss (CO2, CH4, N2O, and NH4) under different tillage management practices in a corn cropping system [abstract]. American Society of Agronomy Meetings. CDROM.

Technical Abstract: Tillage and fertilizer application methods could alter plant yield and quality of corn production. Thus, a field experiment was conducted at the Sand Mountain Research Station located in the Appalachian Plateau region of Northeast Alabama on a Hartsells fine sandy loam to evaluate tillage (conventional vs. no-tillage) and fertilizer application practices in a corn production system. The fertilization treatments consisted of broadcast applied and subsurface banded (B) poultry litter (PL), broadcast applied and subsurface banded (B) urea ammonium sulfate blend (UAS), broadcast applied ammonium sulfate (AS), and a control (non-fertilized check) (C). The PL and inorganic fertilizers were applied at a rate 170 kg N ha-1 approximately two weeks following emergence. Differences in yield, averaged across tillage, between fertilizers were observed for fertilizer sources and placement. The impact of fertilizer on yield was in the order of AS > PLB > UASB > UAS > PL > C. A comparison of fertilizer treatments in the no-tillage (NT) only showed that subsurface banding fertilizer provided the greatest yield compared to broadcast application. This was attributed to greater N retention in soil. Addition of cover crops in the NT resulted in greater corn yield compare to without a cover crop. The addition of cover crops most likely restricted nutrient loss from surface water runoff during intense rainfall events. An interaction was observed between fertilizer application methods and cover crop, suggesting that the greatest yield increase is observed when PLB and UASB are used in a cropping system with cover crops. [GRACEnet Publication]

Last Modified: 7/22/2014