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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: DEVELOP AND IMPROVE STRATEGIES FOR MANAGEMENT OF IRRIGATED AGRICULTURAL CROPS AND SOILS Title: Surfactant Effects on the Water-stable Aggregation of Wettable and Nonwettable Soils

Author
item Lehrsch, Gary

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: August 4, 2010
Publication Date: October 31, 2010
Citation: Lehrsch, G.A. 2010. Surfactant Effects on the Water-stable Aggregation of Wettable and Nonwettable Soils. ASA-CSSA-SSSA 2010 International Meetings Abstracts.

Technical Abstract: Surfactants may affect soil structure differently, depending upon a soil’s wettability or the quality of rainfall or irrigation water. This study evaluated the effects of two nonionic surfactants and a surfactant-free water control on the water drop penetration time (WDPT) and mean weight diameter (MWD) of water-stable aggregates in eleven agricultural soils from six states across the U.S. I measured, a) WDPT to quantify soil wettability, and b) MWD to indicate soil structural change. Each of the three surfactant treatments was sprayed (by misting) upon air-dry soil, then WDPT was measured one and 72 hours thereafter. Treated soil was slowly wetted with an aerosol to its water content at a matric potential of -3 kPa, then immediately sieved for 600 s in water that contained either appreciable or few electrolytes. Resulting values of MWD ranged from 0.10 to 1.43 mm but were little affected by either surfactant treatment or water quality as a main effect (P > 0.340). However, I did detect evidence at P < 0.072 that MWD was affected by a three-way interaction between soil, surfactant, and water quality, revealing that coarse-textured soils responded differently to surfactants, depending upon water quality. Measured MWD values varied greatly from soil to soil, largely due to differences in texture and organic C content.

Last Modified: 11/27/2014
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