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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: NEW TECHNOLOGIES TO PROCESS VALUE-ADDED, HEALTHY FOODS FROM FRUITS AND VEGETABLES

Location: Healthy Processed Foods Research

Title: Preparation and antihypertensive activity of peptides from Porphyra yezoensis

Authors
item Qu, Wenjuan -
item Ma, Haile -
item Pan, Zhongli
item Luo, Lin -
item Wang, Zhen -
item He, Ronghai -

Submitted to: Food Chemistry
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: March 23, 2010
Publication Date: June 30, 2010
Citation: Qu, W., Ma, H., Pan, Z., Luo, L., Wang, Z., He, R. 2010. Preparation and antihypertensive activity of peptides from Porphyra yezoensis. Food Chemistry. 123:14-20.

Interpretive Summary: This research reports a method of producing antihypertensive peptides from Porphyra yezoensis. The most effective enzyme and optimum processing conditions were identified.

Technical Abstract: This research was to develop an antihypertensive peptide, an efficient angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor (ACEI), from Porphyra yezoensis. Seven commercial enzymes were screened and then enzymatic hydrolysis conditions were optimised. The results showed that alcalase was the most effective for hydrolysis and its optimum conditions for achieving the highest antihypertensive activity of peptide were 1.5% substrate, 5% alcalase, pH 9.0, and temperature of 50 _C at a hydrolysis time of 60 min. The antihypertensive peptide produced under the optimum conditions had a high ACE inhibition rate of 55.0% and a low IC50 value of 1.6 g/l and remained at high stability at temperatures of 4, 25, and 37 _C, pH values of 2.0 and 8.0, and after pepsin and trypsin treatments. Major proteins from P. yezoensis were glutelin, albumin, and gliadin. The albumin and glutelin had higher hydrolysis rates than the gliadin, but the IC50 value of glutelin was the lowest, which indicated that the antihypertensive peptide from glutelin was more functional.

Last Modified: 10/1/2014