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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: GENETICS, POPULATION BIOLOGY, AND HOST-PARASITE INTERACTIONS OF CEREAL RUST FUNGI AND THEIR DISEASES

Location: Cereal Disease Laboratory

Title: Registration of "Brick" Wheat

Authors
item Glover, K -
item Rudd, J -
item Devkota, R -
item Hall, R -
item Jin, Yue
item Osborne, L -
item Ingemansen, J -
item Richertsen, J -
item Baltensperger, D -
item Hareland, Gary

Submitted to: Journal of Plant Registrations
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: January 1, 2010
Publication Date: January 1, 2010
Repository URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10113/40820
Citation: Glover, K.D., Rudd, J.C., Devkota, R.N., Hall, R.G., Jin, Y., Osborne, L.E., Ingemansen, J.A., Richertsen, J.R., Baltensperger, D.D., Hareland, G.A. 2010. Registration of "Brick" Wheat. Journal of Plant Registrations. 4:22-27.

Interpretive Summary: Fusarium head blight (FHB) is a major constraint to spring wheat production in the Northern Great Plains of the United States. The objective of this research was to release a hard red spring wheat (HRSW) cultivar with enhanced FHB resistance. "Brick" was developed at South Dakota State University (SDSU) and released by the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station to Registered seed producers in 2009. The cross ND2897/SD3219//SD3414 was created in spring 2000. Brick was tested under the experimental line number SD3851 in the advanced yield trial from 2005 through 2008. Brick was released for its high level of resistance to FHB when compared to other HRSW cultivars developed by the SDSU–HRSW breeding program as well as its high yield potential and grain volume weight in South Dakota and the Northern Great Plains. Additionally, Brick is moderately resistant to leaf rust and has an early heading date compared with HRSW cultivars currently in production. The release of Brick may add options for growers to reduce losses due to Fusarium head blight.

Technical Abstract: Fusarium head blight (FHB) [caused by Fusarium graminearum Schwabe; telomorph Gibberella zeae (Schwein.) Petch, is a major constraint to spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production. The objective of this research was to release a hard red spring wheat (HRSW) cultivar with enhanced FHB resistance. "Brick" (Reg. No. 1043, PI 657697) HRSW was developed at South Dakota State University (SDSU) and released by the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station to Registered seed producers in March 2009. The cross ND2897/SD3219//SD3414 was created in spring 2000. ND2897 is an unreleased experimental line developed by the North Dakota State University HRSW breeding program, and SD3219 and SD3414 are both unreleased experimental lines developed by the SDSU–HRSW breeding program. The population was advanced via an early-generation bulk-testing program where F4:6 seed was included in the 2004 preliminary yield trial, and the line was designated SD3851. SD3851 also was tested in the advanced yield trial from 2005 through 2008. Brick was released for its high level of resistance to FHB when compared to other HRSW cultivars developed by the SDSU–HRSW breeding program as well as its high yield potential and grain volume weight in South Dakota and the Northern Great Plains. Additionally, Brick is moderately resistant to leaf rust (caused by Puccinia triticina Eriks.) and has an early heading date compared with HRSW cultivars currently in production.

Last Modified: 4/16/2014
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