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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: IMPROVING SOIL AND NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS FOR SUSTAINED PRODUCTIVITY AND ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY

Location: Soil Plant Nutrient Research (SPNR)

Title: Nitrogen Source Effects on Nitrous Oxide Emissions from a Strip-Tilled Corn Field

Authors
item HALVORSON, ARDELL
item DEL GROSSO, STEPHEN
item Jantalia, Claudia -

Submitted to: American Society of Agronomy Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: June 28, 2010
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: The effects of N source on nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from a strip-till, irrigated continuous corn field was evaluated near Fort Collins, CO. Six N fertilizer sources (urea, ESN, SuperU, UAN, UAN+AgrotainPlus, UAN+Nfusion) were surface band applied at 202 kg N/ha near the corn row at corn emergence, including a subsurface band application of ESN, and watered (19 mm irrigation water) into the soil the next day. A check plot, located in a separate plot, and a blank treatment (no N applied) were also included. Nitrous oxide fluxes were measured during the growing season using static, vented chambers for gas sample collection, one to three times per week, and analyzed with a gas chromatograph. All N sources had significantly lower growing season N2O emissions than dry granular urea in 2009. Cumulative increases in daily N2O fluxes were more rapid for urea and UAN than the other N sources following N fertilizer application. The enhanced efficiency fertilizers (polymer-coated, stabilized, and slow release) sources reduced N2O emissions in a strip-tilled, irrigated corn system during the 2009 growing season. Corn grain yields in 2009 were not significantly different between N sources, but greater than with no N applied. Results from 2010 will be included.

Last Modified: 7/28/2014