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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: BITING ARTHROPODS: SENSORY ECOLOGY AND SURVEILLANCE

Location: Mosquito and Fly Research Unit

Title: Prediction, Assessment of the Rift Valley fever Activity in East and Southern Africa 2006 - 2008 and Possible Vector Control Strategies

Authors
item Anyamba, Assaf -
item Linthicum, Kenneth
item Small, Jennifer -
item Britch, Seth
item Pak, Edwin -
item DE La Rocque, Stephane -
item Formenty, Pierre -
item Hightower, Allan -
item Breiman, Robert -
item Chretien, Jean-Paul -
item Tucker, Compton -
item Schnabel, David -
item Sang, Rosemary -
item Haagsma, Karl -
item Latham, Mark -
item Lewandowski, Henry -
item Swanepoel, Robert -

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: February 28, 2010
Publication Date: March 28, 2010
Citation: Anyamba, A., Linthicum, K., Small, J., Britch, S.C., Pak, E., De La Rocque, S., Formenty, P., Hightower, A., Breiman, R., Chretien, J., Tucker, C., Schnabel, D., Sang, R., Haagsma, K., Latham, M., Lewandowski, H., Swanepoel, R. 2010. Prediction, Assessment of the Rift Valley fever Activity in East and Southern Africa 2006 - 2008 and Possible Vector Control Strategies. Presentation at the 76th Annual Meeting of the American Mosquito Control Association in Lexington, Kentucky on March 28 - April 1, 2010; pg. 28.

Technical Abstract: Historical outbreaks of Rift Valley fever (RVF) since the early 1950s have been associated with cyclical patterns of the El Nino/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon which results in elevated and widespread rainfall over the RVF endemic areas of Africa. Using satellite measurements of global and regional elevated sea surface temperatures, elevated rainfall and satellite derived-normalized difference vegetation index data, we predicted with lead times of 2-4 months areas where outbreaks of RVF in humans and animals were expected and occurred in the Horn of Africa, Sudan and Southern Africa at different time periods from September 2006 to March 2008. Predictions were confirmed by entomological field investigations of virus activity and by reported cases of RVF in human and livestock populations. This represents the first series of prospective predictions of RVF outbreaks and provides a baseline for improved early warning, control, response planning and mitigation into the future.

Last Modified: 7/24/2014
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