Title: A Multiplexed, Probe-Based Quantitative PCR Assay for DNA of Phytophthora sojae Authors
Submitted to: American Phytopathological Society Annual Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: March 15, 2010
Publication Date: June 15, 2010
Citation: Haudenshield, J.S., Hartman, G.L. 2010. A Multiplexed, Probe-Based Quantitative PCR Assay for DNA of Phytophthora sojae [abstract]. American Phytopathological Society Annual Meeting, August 7-11, 2009, Nashville, TN. 100:S48. Technical Abstract: Phytophthora sojae (Kaufm. & Gerd.) causes seed rot, pre- and post-emergence damping off, and sometimes foliar blight in soybean (Glycine max). Crop loss may approach 100% with susceptible cultivars. We report here the development of a unique quantitative PCR assay specific to DNA of P. sojae, and a matching exogenous control, suitable for multiplexing with other similar pathogen assays. The primers (previously reported) and probe for this fluorogenic, 5’-exonuclease assay target the DNA sequences of a gypsy-like transposable retroelement present in P. sojae. The assay exhibited a limit of detection of under 34 fg total P. sojae DNA (0.5 genome) in serial dilutions, and suggested that up to 10 copies of the target retroelement were present per genome. Losses during DNA extraction effected a practical detection limit of four zoospores per sample. The assay positively detected DNA from 13 different P. sojae isolates pathogenic on soybean, and excluded from detection 17 other species of Phytophthora, as well as 13 fungal species pathogenic on soybean. The exogenous internal control target validated negative calls, and the assay was successfully multiplexed with two additional assays to simultaneously detect DNA from the fungus Fusarium virguliforme and the nematode Heterodera glycines. P. sojae DNA is readily extracted from infested soil, seed and plant debris, and may now be quantified by realtime PCR for diagnostic, forensic or research purposes.