Page Banner

United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: REDUCING THE ALLERGENIC PROPERTIES OF PEANUTS Title: Stability of major allergen tropomyosin and other food proteins of mud crab (Scylla serrata) by in vitro gastrointestinal digestion.

Authors
item Huang, Yuan-Yuan -
item Liu, G M -
item Cai, Q F -
item Weng, W Y -
item Maleki, Soheila
item Su, W J -
item Cao, M J -

Submitted to: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: February 9, 2010
Publication Date: February 13, 2010
Citation: Wen-Jin Su, Q., Cao, M., Weng, W., Liu, G., Huang, Y., Cai, Q., Maleki, S.J. 2010. Stability of major allergen tropomyosin and other food proteins of mud crab (Scylla serrata) by in vitro gastrointestinal digestion. Food and Chemical Toxicology. 48:1274-1279.

Interpretive Summary: Stability in gastric fluid is regarded as an important parameter for the estimation of food allergenicity. In this study, the digestive stability of allergenic protein tropomyosin (TM), and other food proteins from mud crab in simulated gastric fluid (SGF), and simulated intestinal fluid (SIF) digestion assay system was investigated and compared. In SGF system, proteins, such as, actin and the original band of myosin heavy chain (MHC) were rapidly degraded within a short period of time, while TM was relatively resistant to pepsin digestion. In SIF system, MHC was easily decomposed, while TM and actin were similarly resistant to digestion. Further study by immunoglobulin E antibody from the sera of crab-allergic patients, indicated that allergenicity of TM was partially decreased, suggesting digestion is effective in reducing the allergenicity of crab TM.

Technical Abstract: Stability in simulated gastric fluid is regarded as an important parameter for the estimation of food allergenicity. In this study, the digestive stability of allergenic protein tropomyosin (TM) and other food proteins from mud crab in simulated gastric fluid (SGF), and simulated intestinal fluid (SIF) digestion assay system, was investigated and compared by SDS–PAGE and Western blot. In SGF system, proteins, such as, actin and the original band of myosin heavy chain (MHC) were rapidly degraded within a short period of time, while TM was relatively resistant to pepsin digestion. In SIF system, MHC was easily decomposed, while TM and actin were similarly resistant to digestion. Further study by IgE-immunoblotting and inhibition ELISA, using sera from crab-allergic patients, indicated that allergenicity of TM was partially decreased, suggesting proteinase digestion is effective in reducing the allergenicity of crab TM.

Last Modified: 11/23/2014