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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: CHARACTERIZATION OF HOST-PATHOGEN INTERACTIONS IN BARLEY AND WHEAT Title: Development of Expressed Sequence Tag (EST)–based Markers for Genomic Analysis of a Barley 6H Region Harboring Multiple Net Form Net Blotch Resistance Genes

Authors
item Liu, Zhaohui -
item Faris, Justin
item Edwards, Michael
item Friesen, Timothy

Submitted to: The Plant Genome
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: May 4, 2010
Publication Date: May 26, 2010
Repository URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10113/44059
Citation: Liu, Z., Faris, J.D., Edwards, M.C., Friesen, T.L. 2010. Development of Expressed Sequence Tag (EST)–based Markers for Genomic Analysis of a Barley 6H Region Harboring Multiple Net Form Net Blotch Resistance Genes. The Plant Genome. 3:41-52

Interpretive Summary: In previous work we identified a region near the centromere of barley chromosome 6H that harbored two closely linked net form net blotch resistance genes (rpt.r and rpt.k). In this study, we mined expressed sequence tag (EST) databases developed from barley and developed markers for further mapping of this region in a population derived from barley cultivars Rika and Kombar as well as did a comparative analysis of this region to other grass species. Fifteen newly developed markers were added to the previous map, and most were closely linked to the resistance loci. Data from this work suggest that the resistance loci are most likely located on the long arm of chromosome 6H. Comparative analysis revealed that the region containing the two resistance loci has good colinearity with rice and Brachypodium. This work refines the genetic and physical location of rpt.r and rpt.k and provides an initial step towards the map-based cloning of these two genes.

Technical Abstract: We previously identified a region near the centromere of barley chromosome 6H that harbors two closely linked net form net blotch resistance genes (rpt.r and rpt.k). In this study, we mined barley EST databases and developed EST-derived markers for further mapping of this region in a population derived from Rika and Kombar. Additionally, we did a comparative analysis of this region to other grass species. Fifteen newly developed markers were added to the previous map, and most were distributed within a 27.0 cM interval spanning rpt.r and rpt.k. The two resistance loci were delineated to a 1.6-cM genetic interval. Comparison of mapped ESTs along chromosome 6H to wheat bin-mapped ESTs suggests that rpt.r and rpt.k are most likely located on the long arm of chromosome 6H. Comparative analysis revealed that a 12.6 cM region containing the two resistance loci is colinear with a region of rice chromosome 2 between 23.7 and 29.9 Mb with only a few rearrangements, and nearly the same level of colinearity was observed between barley and Brachypodium in this region. Ten markers adjacent to the two resistance loci were tested on 20 barley net blotch resistance gene differential lines, and only two and one lines were found to have the same haplotype as Kombar and Rika, respectively, suggesting the other lines may contain different resistance genes. This work refines the genetic and physical location of rpt.r and rpt.k and provides an initial step towards the map-based cloning of these two genes.

Last Modified: 12/22/2014
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