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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: OPTIMIZING THE BIOLOGY OF THE ANIMAL-PLANT INTERFACE FOR IMPROVED SUSTAINABILITY OF FORAGE-BASED ANIMAL ENTERPRISES Title: The fescue toxicosis symposium: introduction to the proceedings

Author
item Aiken, Glen

Submitted to: Forage and Grazinglands
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: June 30, 2009
Publication Date: November 4, 2009
Citation: Aiken, G.E. 2009. The fescue toxicosis symposium: introduction to the proceedings. Forage and Grazinglands. CD-ROM.

Technical Abstract: Fescue Toxicosis was a symposium presented at the 2008 joint meetings of the Amercian Forage and Grssland Council and the Society for Range Management in Louisville, Kentucky. The purpose of the symposium was to: 1) provide updated information on toxic and non-toxic endophyte interactions with herbivores (cattle, horses, and small ruminants), 2) present new technologies that are being used in studying fescue toxicosis, and 3) discuss technologies developed to alleviate toxicosis. Tall fescue (Lolium arundinaceum L.) is a cool-season perennial grass that is the predominant pasture grass in the region commonly referred to as the ‘fescue belt”, which extends from the lower temperate northeast to the upper subtropical southeast to the lower temperate northeast and west to the eastern fringes of the Great Plains. Its productivity and persistence is attributed to a fungal endophyte (Neotyphodium coenophialum) that imparts tolerances to drought, heat, and grazing. Unfortunately, ergot alkaloids produced by the endophyte can cause fescue toxicosis. The toxicosis syndrome has been well documented to adversely affect calf weight gain and cow reproduction performance. Although it is well understood that ergot alkaloids have a profound effect on the reproductive physiology of mares (eg. prolonged gestation and poor milk production), it has not been established if ergtot alkaloids affect growth and development of colts and fillies. Further, fescue toxicosis research with small ruminants has been limited in comparison to cattle and horses. A complete understanding of the interactions of ergot alkaloids with biologic mechanisms and processes has eluded us, but research conducted in the last 10 years has substantially added to our knowledge-base and is leading to development of technologies that can mitigate the dramatic effects that toxicosis has on livestock production. These research developments were the focus of the symposium.

Last Modified: 10/23/2014
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