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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: INNOVATIVE ANIMAL MANURE TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES FOR ENHANCED ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY

Location: Coastal Plain Soil, Water and Plant Conservation Research

Title: Multi-utilization of swine manure as a bioenergy feedstock: Carbonization and combustion

Authors
item Cantrell, Keri
item Ro, Kyoung
item Hunt, Patrick

Submitted to: Proceedings of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers International (ASABE)
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: January 5, 2010
Publication Date: January 7, 2010
Citation: Cantrell, K.B., Ro, K.S., Hunt, P.G. 2010. Multi-utilization of swine manure as a bioenergy feedstock: Carbonization and combustion. Paper Number 09-6810. In: 2009 Proceedings of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers International Meeting, Reno, Nevada. 9 pp.

Technical Abstract: The use of animal manure and other organic-based waste products as bioenergy feedstocks is gaining interest for waste-to-bioenergy conversion processes. While thermochemical conversion of animal manure via combustion, pyrolysis, and gasification is becoming a new frontier of manure treatment; there is relatively little known about its behavior when subjected to these high-temperature energy-conversion processes. In this study, the pyrolytic and oxidation behaviors of three different swine manures (flushed, separated solids, and lagoon sludge) were examined by thermal analyses using simultaneous thermogravimetry (TG) and differential thermal analysis (DTA). Pyrolysis and oxidation occurred in distinct stages of weight loss that initiated at similar temperatures. Within manures, pyrolysis and primary oxidation initiated at similar temperatures yet had distinctly different activation energies. Oxidation of the manures had lower associated activation energies. Both degradation processes had high reaction orders that suggest that devolatilization was complex.

Last Modified: 7/27/2014
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