SOIL AND CROP MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS TO SUSTAIN AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY IN THE NORTHERN GREAT PLAINS
Location: Soil Management Research
Title: Assessment of Soil Erosion in a Cultivated Landscape Using Repeated Measurements of 137Cs
| Lobb, David - |
| Li, Sheng - |
| Schumacher, Thomas - |
| Malo, Douglas - |
| Lindstrom, Michael |
| Schumacher, Joseph - |
Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: November 5, 2009
Publication Date: November 5, 2009
Citation: Lobb, D.A., Li, S., Papiernik, S.K., Schumacher, T.E., Malo, D.D., Lindstrom, M.J., Schumacher, J. 2009. Assessment of Soil Erosion in a Cultivated Landscape Using Repeated Measurements of 137Cs [abstract][CD-ROM]. ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts. ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting. Nov. 1-5, 2009, Pittsburgh, PA.
Soil erosion is a major environmental concern with the potential to severely impact soil and water quality. Assessments of soil erosion are normally carried out using model predictions. Cesium-137 can be used to provide estimates of soil erosion at a landscape scale, and it remains the best tool to make such assessments. Two major weaknesses affect the conventional use of this assessment technique. (i) It is not possible to assess current land management practices and their impacts on soil erosion because 137Cs assessments span the time period from about 1960 (when the peak of atmospheric deposition of 137Cs occurred) to the date of sampling. (ii) The use of reference sites to estimate the level of 137Cs deposition at a sampling site is limited by uncertainties in reference values, which can exceed 20%, greatly affecting the reliability of soil erosion estimates. The objective of this study was to use repeated sampling for 137Cs to provide more accurate estimates of soil erosion for current land management practices on a cultivated field near Cyrus, Minnesota. Samples were collected in 1999 and again in 2007 from two, perpendicular transects. These samples were characterized in the field for pedologic classification and they were analyzed for soil organic carbon and inorganic carbon at the USDA-ARS laboratories in Morris, Minnesota. Samples were analyzed at the University of Manitoba for 137Cs. The repeated sampling for 137Cs provided highly accurate estimates of soil erosion over the 8-year interval. The erosion rates during that time were very high with losses exceeding 100 t ha yr-1 on convex upper slope positions. The strong interactions between water and tillage erosion were also evident. As well, geostatistical analyses of the soil carbon and soil erosion data were examined to assess the relationship between soil erosion and soil carbon.