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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: USING REMOTE SENSING & MODELING FOR EVALUATING HYDROLOGIC FLUXES, STATES, & CONSTITUENT TRANSPORT PROCESSES WITHIN AGRICULTURAL LANDSCAPES Title: Remote sensing of Invasive Leafy Spurge using Reflectance and Imaging Spectroscopy

Author
item Hunt, Earle

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: November 2, 2009
Publication Date: November 14, 2009
Citation: Hunt, E.R. 2009. Remote sensing of invasive leafy spurge using reflectance and imaging spectroscopy [abstract]. Art, Science and Applications of Reflectance and Imaging Spectroscopy Symposium. http://www.asdi.com/remote-sensing/articles/.

Technical Abstract: Leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula L.) is a noxious invasive weed that infests over 1.2 million hectares of land in North America. One of the fundamental needs in leafy spurge management is cost-effective, large-scale, and long-term monitoring of plant populations. Leafy spurge has distinctive yellow-green flower bracts which are spectrally unique when compared to co-occurring green vegetation; the spectral signature is caused by a reduction of chlorophyll allowing various carotenoids to influence the reflectance spectrum. During 1999, Airborne Visible-Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) imagery were acquired over Devils Tower National Monument in Northeastern Wyoming. Classification accuracy for leafy spurge was very high using mixture tuned matched filtering for single AVIRIS scenes; however, accuracy decreased with the number of scenes added to the analysis. For multiple scenes, Spectral Angle Mapper had the highest classification accuracy. Using reflectance spectroscopy, the minimum cover of leafy spurge flower bracts is about 10%, which is ideal for biological control with Aphthona flea beetles.

Last Modified: 12/21/2014
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