BIOGEOCHEMICAL PROCESSES INFLUENCING FORMATION AND STABILIZATION OF SOIL ORGANIC MATTER AND SOIL STRUCTURE
Location: Soil, Water, and Air Resources Research Unit
Title: Advanced 13C NMR Analysis of the Light Fraction, Particulate Organic Matter, and Humic Acid Fractions From a Corn-Soybean Soil
Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: April 29, 2009
Publication Date: November 1, 2009
Citation: Mao, J., Olk, D.C., Li, Y. 2009. Advanced 13C NMR Analysis of the Light Fraction, Particulate Organic Matter, and Humic Acid Fractions From a Corn-Soybean Soil [Abstract]. In: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts, Nov. 1-5, 2009, Pittsburgh, PA.
Fractions of soil organic matter (SOM) are usually extracted from soil by either physical (e.g., size, density) or chemical (e.g., base, acid) procedures. Integrated procedures that combine both of these types promise greater insights into SOM chemistry and function. For a corn-soybean soil in Iowa, we extracted in sequence the light fraction, two particulate organic matter fractions, and two NaOH-extractable humic acid fractions. They were analyzed by advanced 13C Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) techniques, including quantitative direct polarization/magic angle spinning, spectral-editing techniques such as dipolar dephasing, chemical-shift-anisotropy filter, CH and CH2 selection, and two-dimensional 1H-13C heteronuclear correlation NMR. Quantities of extracted SOM fractions were reproducible, and those of some fractions responded to field treatments. NMR results indicate a progressing degree of humification with successively extracted SOM fractions, with clear differences between the physical and chemical fractions. Further details will be presented.