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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: BIOLOGY, BIOLOGICAL CONTROL, AND MOLECULAR GENETICS OF ROOT DISEASES OF WHEAT, BARLEY AND BIOFUELS BRASSICAS

Location: Root Disease and Biological Control Research

Title: Evaluation of inoculation methods to assay wheat for resistance to Fusarium crown rot

Authors
item Poole, G -
item Paulitz, Timothy
item Nicol, J -
item Erginbas, G -
item Campbell, Kimberly
item Smiley, R -

Submitted to: Phytopathology
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: May 15, 2009
Publication Date: June 2, 2009
Citation: Poole, G., Paulitz, T.C., Nicol, J., Erginbas, G., Campbell, K., Smiley, R.R. 2009. Evaluation of inoculation methods to assay wheat for resistance to Fusarium crown rot. Phytopathology 99: S103

Technical Abstract: Crown rot is a major biotic constraint on rainfed wheat production systems throughout the world and in the Pacific Northwest (PNW) of the U.S. Caused by a complex of Fusarium species, of which F. pseudograminearum and F.culmorum are the most important, crown rot reduces wheat yields by an average of 9% in the PNW. Many groups have attempted to develop a genetic map and identify QTLs for crown rot resistance. However, adequate Fusarium screening systems must be established to appropriately phenotype the population for accurate QTL identification. The objective of this research was to find the inoculation method with the greatest consistency and least variation. Methods of inoculation were to 1.) grow Fusarium on millet seed which was placed near the germinated seedling; 2.) soak germinated seedlings in a liquid conidial suspension (106 conidia per ml), reported as the ‘Nicol method’; 3.) place a 10 µl droplet of a liquid conidial suspension (106 conidia per ml) in water or methylcellulose on the stem base (10 days postgermination), reported as the ‘Mitter method’; or 4.) place an agar-based suspension of conidia (106 conidia per ml) in short 4- cm drinking straws at the base of the stem (10 days post-germination). The millet seed placement and the conidial-agar straw inoculation methods resulted in the most consistent virulence, differentiation between resistant (‘2-49’) and susceptible (‘Seri’) varieties, and the least amount of variation.

Last Modified: 4/16/2014
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