SYSTEMATICS OF MOTHS, LEAFHOPPERS, AND TRUE BUGS OF IMPORTANCE TO AGRICULTURAL, FOREST, AND ORNAMENTAL PLANTS
Title: Decriptions of new Tortricidae (Lepidoptera) reared from native fruit in Kenya
Submitted to: Zootaxa
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: June 1, 2011
Publication Date: March 4, 2012
Citation: Razowski, J., Brown, J.W. 2012. Decriptions of new Tortricidae (Lepidoptera) reared from native fruit in Kenya. Zootaxa. 3222:1-27.
Interpretive Summary: The caterpillars of moths known as leaf-rollers inflict millions of dollars in damage annually to ornamental plants, forest trees, and agricultural crops. Exclusion, detection, and control of these insect pests rely on their accurate identification and knowledge of their geographic distributions, biologies, and relationships to other species. In this paper two genera and 13 species reared from native fruit in Kenya are described as new to science. Because of the potential for Kenyan fruit to be exported around the globe, it is important to document these pests’ host ranges and identification characteristics in case they become introduced into new areas. This information will be of importance to farmers involved in the production of native fruit in Kenya, to action agencies such as APHIS whose goal is to exclude non-native pests from the U.S., and to scientists interested in host breadth and host specificity in herbivores.
Two new genera (Concinocordis and Crotalaria) and 13 new species (Eugnosta kenyana, Eugnosta kereitana, Crotalaria crotalariae, Concinocordis wilsonarum, Anthozela psychotriae, Cosmetra podocarpivora, Cosmetra taitana, Gypsonoma scolopiae, Thaumatotibia salaciae, Cydia connara, Cydia sennae, Stenentoma sorindeiae, and Thylacogaster garcinivora) are described and illustrated. All specimens were reared from native fruit in Kenya. The synonymy of Trachybyrsis Meyrick and Eugnosta Hübner is proposed, resulting in the following new combinations: E. euglypta (Meyrick), E. chionochlaena Meyrick, and E. hypsitropha (Bradley). Eucosma neriedopa Meyrick and Argyroploce phyllodoxa Meyrick are transferred to Cosmetra, resulting in the following new combinations: Cosmeta nereidopa (Meyrick) and Cosmetra phyllodoxa (Meyrick). Laspeyresia anthracotis Meyrick, 1913 is transferred to Cydia, resulting in the new combination Cydia anthracotis (Meyrick). “Grapholitha” novarana Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875 is transferred to Cimeliomorpha. The female genitalia of Anthozela chrysoxantha Meyrick are illustrated for the first time.