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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: SOIL MANAGEMENT FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURAL SYSTEMS THAT PREVENT WIND EROSION AND ENHANCE THE ENVIRONMENT

Location: Wind Erosion and Water Conservation Research

Title: A field wind tunnel study of fine dust emissions in sandy soils

Authors
item Baddock, Matthew
item Cox, Jenny -
item Zobeck, Teddy
item Van Pelt, Robert

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: November 1, 2009
Publication Date: November 5, 2009
Citation: Baddock, M.C., Cox, J.J., Zobeck, T.M., Van Pelt, R.S. 2009. A field wind tunnel study of fine dust emissions in sandy soils[abstract]. American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science Society of America. November 1-5, 2009. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Paper No. 112-4.

Technical Abstract: A portable field wind tunnel has been developed to allow measurements of dust emissions from soil surfaces to test the premise that dust concentration and properties are highly correlated with surface soil properties, as modified by crop management system. In this study, we report on the effect of soil properties on fine dust emissions for three sandy soils when using the field wind tunnel. In addition, we compare dust emissions using the field wind tunnel with those measured using a laboratory dust generator. The wind profile of the field wind tunnel was conditioned to simulate the wind above a level, smooth fine sandy loam surface. Dust samples were gathered through an isokinetic vertical slot sampler, with PM10 and dust less than 25 microns measured using a GRIMM particle size analyzer and collected on glass fiber filters. Larger saltating particles and some dust settled into a tray at the bottom of the vertical slot sampler while smaller suspended particles were pulled through a vacuum tube attached to the sampler. Dust emissions were also tested on 5 g samples of each soil using the laboratory dust generator. All sites had similar amounts of airborne dust emissions measured gravimetrically in the field wind tunnel. The soil with the highest dry and wet aggregate stability had the lowest total sediment and PM10 captured in the saltation trap. The soil with the lowest organic matter content and soil stability had a high amount of soil captured in the saltation sampler but the lowest sustained PM10 dust emissions in the field wind tunnel and lowest amount of PM10 measured gravimetrically in the dust generator.

Last Modified: 7/24/2014
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