GENETIC IMPROVEMENT OF SOUTHERNPEAS AND PEPPERS
Location: Vegetable Research
Title: Notice of Release of ‘Truhart-NR’, a Root-knot Nematode Resistant, Pimento-type Pepper
Submitted to: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Cultivar Release
Publication Type: Germplasm Release
Publication Acceptance Date: October 20, 2009
Publication Date: October 20, 2009
Citation: Fery, R.L., Thies, J.A. 2009. Notice of Release of ‘Truhart-NR’, a Root-knot Nematode Resistant, Pimento-type Pepper. Germplasm Release. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Washington, D.C. 20350, October 20, 2009.
The USDA has developed a high-yielding, pimento-type pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) cultivar that is highly resistant to root-knot nematodes. The new cultivar, Truhart-NR, is homozygous for the dominant N gene that conditions a high level of resistance to the southern root-knot nematode [Meloidogyne incognita (Chitwood) Kofoid and White], the peanut root-knot nematode [M. arenaria (Neal) Chitwood], and the tropical root-knot nematode [M. javanica (Treub) Chitwood]. Truhart-NR was developed as a replacement for Truhart Perfection, a widely-adapted and long popular pimento-type cultivar that is highly susceptible to root-knot nematodes. A backcross breeding procedure was used to incorporate the dominant resistance gene into a Truhart Perfection genetic background. The donor parent of the resistance gene was Mississippi Nemaheart and the recurrent parent was Truhart Perfection. Mississippi Nemaheart is the product of a recurrent backcross breeding program that utilized Truhart Perfection as the recurrent parent, but it was never utilized widely by industry because it was considered by many to produce a weak plant. Truhart-NR was derived from a single BC2F3 plant grown in 2006. Truhart-NR is quite similar in appearance and maturity to Truhart Perfection. It has an erect plant habit and produces heart-shaped, dark red fruit. The results of replicated field studies indicate that the fruit and yield characteristics of Truhart-NR are superior to those of Truhart Perfection. Over a two year period, Truhart-NR yielded an average of 16.7% more marketable fruit than did Truhart Perfection (15,116 kg/ha vs. 12,957 kg/ha, respectively). Truhart-NR fruit were also 6.9% heavier, 6.2% longer, and exhibited 4.3% thicker fruit walls. A typical Truhart-NR fruit has three locules, weighs 67.8 g, is 5.64 cm wide x 7.36 cm long, and has 4.41 mm thick fruit walls. The root-knot nematode resistant Truhart-NR is particularly recommended for use by organic farmers and growers of specialty crops because these segments of the pepper industry do not have easy access to alternative production sites or the needed nematicides and nematicide application equipment. Truhart-NR should perform well in all areas where Truhart Perfection has been grown successfully.