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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: PROTECTING SURFACE AND GROUND WATERS IN EMERGING FARMING SYSTEMS OF THE NORTH CENTRAL UNITED STATES

Location: Soil and Water Management Research

Title: Fungicide and Nutrient Transport with Runoff from Creeping Bentgrass Turf

Authors
item Rice, Pamela
item Horgan, Brian -

Submitted to: International Congress of Pesticide Chemistry Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: April 23, 2009
Publication Date: July 1, 2009
Citation: Rice, P.J., Horgan, B.P. 2009. Fungicide and Nutrient Transport with Runoff from Creeping Bentgrass Turf [abstract]. International Congress of Pesticide Chemistry Abstracts, July 27, 2009, Santiago, Chile, Research Paper Room 2, Abstract R3.

Technical Abstract: The detection of pesticides and excess nutrients in surface waters of urban watersheds has lead to increased environmental concern and suspect of contaminant contributions from residential, urban, and recreational sources. Highly managed biotic systems such as golf courses and commercial landscapes often require multiple applications of pesticides and nutrients that may be transported with runoff to surrounding surface waters. The objective of this study was to evaluate the off-site transport and impact of flutolanil, soluble phosphorus, ammonium nitrogen, and nitrate nitrogen with runoff from creeping bentgrass turf managed as a golf course fairway. Runoff from plots aerated with hollow tines and pre-wetted to field capacity 48 h prior to fertilizer and fungicide application contained the chemicals of interest in the initial runoff and throughout the runoff events. Edge-of-plot runoff contained phosphorus concentrations that were greater than USEPA water quality criteria to limit eutrophication, nitrate nitrogen levels below the drinking water standard to prevent blue baby syndrome and flutolanil concentrations below the median lethal concentration for 6 of 7 aquatic organisms assessed. Extrapolation of measured runoff loads to estimated environmental concentrations in a receiving surface water (runoff from 10-ha area into a 1-ha surface area x 2-m depth) resulted in phosphorus concentrations remaining above levels associated with increased algal growth and eutrophication. Quantitative data collected from this study provides information on the transport of chemicals with runoff from turf that can be used in model simulations to predict non-point source pollution potentials and assess ecological and health risks.

Last Modified: 7/23/2014