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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: GENETIC MECHANISMS AND MOLECULAR GENETIC RESOURCES FOR MAIZE Title: Genetic Modification in Dedicated Bioenergy Crops and Strategies for Gene Confinement

item Kausch, Albert -
item Hague, Joel -
item Oliver, Melvin
item Li, Yi -
item Daniel, Henry -
item Mascia, Peter -
item Stewart, Neal -

Submitted to: Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: August 11, 2009
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Genetic modification of dedicated bioenergy crops is in its infancy; however, there are numerous advantages to the use of these tools to improve crops used for biofuels. Potential improved traits through genetic engineering (GE) include herbicide resistance, pest, drought, cold and salt tolerance, lower inputs, compositional alterations, addition of cellulases and other biofuels specific traits such as increased biomass yields and increased photosynthetic efficiencies. To achieve these goals on an agricultural scale these improvements must meet regulatory standards for release into the environment. In most cases, these criteria will probably require gene confinement strategies to prevent gene flow into wild and non-transgenic populations. Here, we consider the options for prevention or mitigation of gene flow in genetically modified (GM) biofuels crops.

Last Modified: 7/28/2015
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