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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Beta-D-xylosidase from Selenomonas ruminantium: Role of Glutamate 186 in Catalysis Revealed by Site-directed Mutagenesis, Alternate Substrates, and Inhibitor

Authors
item Jordan, Douglas
item Braker, Jay

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: July 31, 2009
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Beta-D-xylosidase/alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase from Selenomonas ruminantium (SXA) is the most active enzyme known for catalyzing hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-xylooligosaccharides to D-xylose. Catalysis and inhibitor binding by the GH43 beta-xylosidase are governed by the protonation states of catalytic base (D14, pKa 5.0) and catalytic acid (E186, pKa 7.2). Biphasic inhibition by triethanolamine reveals minor (<0.03%) contamination of E186A preparations by wild-type-like enzyme, the contaminant likely originating from translational misreading. Titration of E186A preparations with triethanolamine allows resolution of binding and kinetic parameters of the E186A mutant from those of the contaminant. The E186A mutation abolishes the pKa assigned to E186; mutant enzyme binds only the neutral aminoalcohol (pH-independent Ki**triethanolamine=19 mM), whereas wild-type enzyme binds only the cationic aminoalcohol (pH-independent Ki**triethanolamine=0.065 mM). At pH 7.0 and 25 deg C, relative kinetic parameter, kcat**4NPX/kcat**4NPA, for substrates 4-nitrophenyl-beta-D-xylopyranoside (4NPX) and 4-nitrophenyl-alpha-L-arabinofuranoside (4NPA) of E186A is 100-fold that of wild-type enzyme, consistent with the view that, on the enzyme, protonation is of greater importance to the transition state of 4NPA whereas ring deformation dominates the transition state of 4NPX.

Last Modified: 8/22/2014
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