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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES, ECOLOGICAL AND VARIETAL EFFECTS ON AFLATOXINS AND OTHER MYCOTOXINS IN CORN

Location: Biological Control of Pests Research Unit

Title: Potential Aflatoxin and Fumonisin Contamination in Mazie Hybrids with Various Ear Development Properties

Authors
item Abbas, Hamed
item Mascagni, Henry -
item Zablotowicz, Robert
item Bruns, Herbert
item Shier, Wayne -
item Damann, Kenneth -

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: August 5, 2009
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Experiments were conducted at Jonesville, LA in 2000 and at St. Joseph, LA in 2001, and 2003 to compare three corn (maize, Zea mays L.) hybrids (a fixed-ear hybrid, Pioneer 33K81; a semi-fixed ear hybrid, Pioneer 3223; and a flex-ear hybrid; Golden Acres 8460) and to determine the effect of irrigation on aflatoxin and fumonisin contamination of harvested grain under natural inoculum conditions or when inoculated with Aspergillus flavus by the pin-bar inoculation technique. Non-irrigated plots were compared with plots that received furrow-irrigation based on the Arkansas Irrigation Model at 38 mm and 63.5 mm soil moisture deficit (SMD). Average aflatoxin levels from natural infection ranged from 23 ng/g with 38 mm SMD to 41 ng/g with 63.5 mm SMD. Significantly greater aflatoxin levels occurred in 2002 in the flex-ear hybrid. In corn inoculated with A. flavus, significantly more aflatoxin contamination also occurred in flex-ear hybrid grain compared to other hybrids in 2001 (Pr < 0.05), with no significant effect of irrigation. Levels of fumonisin contamination in grain from uninoculated hybrids were greatest in the flex-ear hybrid in 2003, with the highest fumonisin levels under well-irrigated conditions in two of the three years (Pr < 0.05). In corn inoculated with A. flavus, the highest level of fumonisin contamination was found in flex-ear hybrid grain in all three years with no consistent effect of irrigation (Pr < 0.05). Under the conditions used, the flex-ear hybrid was most susceptible to both aflatoxin and fumonisin contamination with no consistent effect of irrigation.

Last Modified: 10/1/2014