Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: March 18, 2009
Publication Date: April 12, 2009
Citation: Lester, G.E., Makus, D.J., Hodges, D. 2009. Retail display conditions of continuous light and dark on the disposition of vitamins in baby-leaf spinach [abstract]. Proceedings of the 6th International Postharvest Symposium, Antalya, Turkey. p. 35.
Human-health benefits from the consumption of fruits and vegetables are due to the many bioactive compounds in these foods. Many of these compounds are heavily influenced by genetics (i.e. cultivar) and the environment, especially the many pigments and vitamins that can degrade during processing and storage. Retail marketing conditions today allow for produce to receive continuous light 24 hours per day during its displayed shelf-life. Essential human-health vitamins (ascorbic acid- vit. C, folate – vit. B(9), phylloquinone-vit. K(1), and carotenoids lutein and Beta-carotene-provit. A) also are required for photosynthesis and are activated by light conditions even under refrigerated storage. Spinach leaves, notably abundant in the aforementioned human-health vitamins, were harvested at peak plant maturity from flat-leaf and crinkled-leaf cultivars as baby-leaf and larger-leaf; then placed in commercial, clear-polymer retail boxes and stored at 4 degrees C for up to 9 days under continuous light or dark. Baby-leaf spinach stored under continuous light had significant higher levels of vitamins and carotenoid compounds, but were prone to wilting, especially the flat-leaf cultivar. This recent study on spinach leaves exposed to continuous light or dark during simulated retail marketing display and the resultant affect on essential human-health vitamins contents and market quality, will be presented and discussed.