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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: GENETIC IMPROVEMENT OF PERENNIAL FORAGE AND TURF GRASSES FOR THE SOUTHERN UNITED STATES Title: Breeding for reduced post-harvest seed dormancy in Switchgrass

Authors
item Burson, Byron
item Tischler, Charles
item Ocumpaugh, W. - TEXAS AGRILIFE RESEARCH

Submitted to: American Society of Agronomy Branch Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: December 16, 2008
Publication Date: January 20, 2009
Citation: Burson, B.L., Tischler, C.R., Ocumpaugh, W.R. 2009. Breeding for reduced post-harvest seed dormancy in switchgrass [abstract]. Proceedings of American Society of Agronomy Branch Meeting, February 1-3, 2009, Atlanta, Georgia. CDROM.

Technical Abstract: Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a native, perennial, warm-season, bunchgrass that recently has received considerable attention as a bioenergy crop for the production of cellulosic ethanol. Because of its potential as a renewable biofuels crop, interest in the grass is increasing and the land area being planted to switchgrass is expanding. However, establishment of desirable stands can be a problem because post-harvest seed dormancy causes low germination and slow seedling development. Post-harvest dormancy in recently harvested seed of some switchgrass cultivars can be as high as 95%, and the seed can require up to 2 years of after-ripening to become germinable. This lengthy after-ripening period can be reduced by cold stratifying the seed but this also can be problematic. Consequently, we initiated a breeding program to develop germplasm with reduced post-harvest seed dormancy to improve germination and stand establishment. The cultivar Alamo was used as a base population and four cycles of recurrent selection were used to develop the germplasm. During the first three cycles, recently harvested seed from about 200 entries were germinated to evaluate immediacy of germination. Seedlings from seed that germinated within 3 to 14 days were used to establish a polycross nursery to produce seed for the next cycle of selection. Twenty-four plants in the cycle 3 crossing block that produced seed with the most rapid germination rate were dug and used to establish cycle 4 crossing blocks. Over a two-year period, germination of recently harvested seed from most of these 24 plants was significantly (P<0.05) higher than seed from unselected Alamo. Some plants were ten or more times higher than Alamo. Equal quantities of seed from these 24 plants were bulked and used to constitute the switchgrass germplasm line TEM-LoDorm. It was recently released by the USDA-ARS in cooperation with Texas AgriLife Research.

Last Modified: 11/25/2014
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