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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: MINIMIZING THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF LIVESTOCK MANURES USING INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT REGIMENS Title: Effect of distiller's grain in steam flaked corn based diets on the fecal microbiota of beef cattle

Authors
item Rice, William
item Green, Wayne - TEXAS AGRILIFE RSCH
item Galyean, Michael - TEXAS TECH UNIV
item Cole, Noel

Submitted to: Microbial Ecology Symposium
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: May 31, 2008
Publication Date: August 17, 2008
Citation: Rice, W.C., Green, W., Galyean, M., Cole, N.A. 2008. Effect of distiller's grain in steam flaked corn based diets on the fecal microbiota of beef cattle [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Symposium on Microbial Ecology, August 17-22, 2008, Cairns, Australia. 2008 CDROM

Technical Abstract: Background and aims: The high demand for ethanol in the United States has generated large stocks of wet distiller's grains (DG) derived as a byproduct from the manufacture of ethanol from corn and sorghum grains. Energy dense DG are attractive for use as a feed supplement for beef cattle production. However, little is known about the potential influence of dietary DG on fecal microbial community structure and the shedding of fecal pathogens. Methods: Fecal samples were collected from two beef cattle feeding trials employing five dietary treatments: 1) steam flaked corn (SFC) based diet, 2) SFC plus corn DG at 10% and, and 3, 4, 5) SFC plus sorghum DG at 5%, 10%, and 15% levels. Fecal community structure and E. coli 0157:H7 shedding was evaluated using DDGE-PCR, T-RFLP and quantitative real-time PCR assays. Results: Corn and sorghum DG based diets resulted in significant shifts of the fecal microbial community structure when compared to traditional SFC diet. This effect was revealed in ordination plots of community structure based on principal components analysis of DDGE-PCR assays and supported by group separation scores using dietary treatments as group factors. Fecal microbial populations varied across all diets with an overall similarity range of 39% to 83%. Sorghum DG diets resulted in increased fecal shedding of 0157 (2 to 30 fold) relative to SFC, whereas corn DG had a neutral effect on 0157 shedding. Conclusions: DG diets evaluated in these studies appear to have a complex effect on fecal microbiota and the fecal shedding of 0157.

Last Modified: 10/31/2014
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