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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: MINIMIZING THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF LIVESTOCK MANURES USING INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT REGIMENS

Location: Renewable Energy and Manure Management Research

Title: Influence of cotton crop development and level of irrigation of microbial community structure

Authors
item Rice, William
item O`shaughnessy, Susan
item Evett, Steven

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: May 30, 2008
Publication Date: October 5, 2008
Citation: Rice, W.C., O'Shaughnessy, S.A., Evett, S.R. 2008. Influence of cotton crop development and level of irrigation of microbial community structure [abstract]. 2008 Joint Meeting of American Society of Agronomy, Soil Science Society of America, and Crop Science Society of America, October 5-9, 2008, Houston, Texas. Paper No. 745-15. 2008 CDROM.

Technical Abstract: Soil microbial population densities can easily reach one billion cells per gram of soil;and soil microbial diversity has been shown to exceed fifty thousand individual species per gram of soil. Soil type and underlying soil structure are considered primary determinants of microbial community structure in soils. Disturbance of soil due to agricultural practices (tillage) has been shown to reduce or alter microbial diversity while long term agricultural production also can influence microbial diversity. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of cotton crop development and four levels of irrigation (0, 33, 67 and 100% of well-irrigated crop water demand) on microbial community structured during the course of the growing season. We used denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis-polymerase chain reaction (DGGE-PCR) assay employing universal PCR primers that target prokaryotic (16S) and eukaryotic (18S) ribosomal genes and other non16S DNA primer sets to evaluate microbial diversity. Community DNA samples were obtained from four sampling dates beginning at planting and ending prior to harvest. Both cotton crop development and the level of irrigation influenced general microbial community structure. Microbial diversity tended to increase over time and was positively influenced by the level of irrigation.

Last Modified: 9/1/2014
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