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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Suppressive subtractive hybridization analysis of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus larval and adult transcript expression during attachment and feeding

Authors
item Lew-Tabor, Ala - MURDOCH UNIV-AUSTRALIA
item Moolhuijzen, Paula - MURDOCH UNIV-AUSTRALIA
item Jones, Megan - QUEENSLAND, AUSTRALIA
item Kurscheid, Sebastian - MURDOCH UNIV-AUSTRALIA
item Rodriguez Valle, Manuel - QUEENSLAND, AUSTRALIA
item Jarrett, Sandra - QUEENSLAND, AUSTRALIA
item Minchin, Catherine - QUEENSLAND, AUSTRALIA
item Jackson, Louise - QUEENSLAND, AUSTRALIA
item Jonnson, Nick - UNIV OF QUEENSLAND, AU
item Guerrero, Felix

Submitted to: Veterinary Parasitology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: February 16, 2009
Publication Date: February 10, 2010
Citation: Lew-Tabor, A.E., Moolhuijzen, P.M., Jones, M.E., Kurscheid, S., Rodriguez Valle, M., Jarrett, S., Minchin, C.M., Jackson, L.A., Jonnson, N.N., Guerrero, F. 2010. Suppressive subtractive hybridization analysis of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus larval and adult transcript expression during attachment and feeding. Veterinary Parasitology. 167:304-320.

Interpretive Summary: Ticks, as blood-feeding ectoparasites, affect their hosts both directly and as vectors of viral, bacterial and protozoal diseases. The tick’s mode of feeding means it must maintain close contact with the host for a prolonged time even as the host is mounting an immune response to the tick's feeding. The parasite: host interactions are characterized by the host response and parasite counter-response which result in a highly complex biological system that is barely understood. We conducted gene expression analyses utilizing a technique known as suppressive subtractive hybridization (SSH) to identify genes associated with the tick's attachment to the host animal and feeding of larval, adult female and adult male ticks. Screening of 5 SSH libraries resulted in obtaining sequence from 511 clones (assembled into 38 contigs and 86 singletons) from differentially expressed genes isolated from unattached larvae placed in a gas permeable bag and exposed to the host but not allowed to feed-termed "frustrated"-(95 clones), feeding larvae (159 clones), unattached frustrated adult female ticks (68 clones), feeding adult female ticks (95 clones) and male adult ticks (94 clones). Unattached ‘frustrated’ ticks were held in fabric bags affixed to cattle for up to 24 hours to identify genes up-regulated prior to host penetration. Sequence analysis was based on well-established bioinformatics approaches including BLAST, Panther, KOG and domain (CDD) analyses to assign functional groups for proteins. Those found included: Cuticle proteins, enzymes (ATPases), ligand binding (histamine binding), molecular chaperone (prefoldin), nucleic acid binding (ribosomal proteins), putative salivary proteins, serine proteases, stress response (heat shock, glycine rich) and transporters. Additionally, 63% of the contigs and singletons were novel R. microplus transcripts or predicted proteins of unknown function. Expression was confirmed using quantitative real time PCR analysis of selected transcripts. This is the first comprehensive analysis of the R. microplus transcriptome from multiple stages of ticks and assists to elucidate the molecular events during tick attachment and development.

Technical Abstract: Ticks, as blood-feeding ectoparasites, affect their hosts both directly and as vectors of viral, bacterial and protozoal diseases. The tick’s mode of feeding means it must maintain intimate contact with the host in the face of host defensive responses for a prolonged time. The parasite: host interactions are characterized by the host response and parasite counter-response which result in a highly complex biological system that is barely understood. We conducted transcriptomic analyses utilizing suppressive subtractive hybridization (SSH) to identify transcripts associated with host attachment and feeding of larval, adult female and adult male ticks. Five SSH libraries resulted in 511 clones (assembled into 38 contigs and 86 singletons) from differentially expressed transcripts isolated from unattached frustrated larvae (95), feeding larvae (159), unattached frustrated adult female ticks (68), feeding adult female ticks (95) and male adult ticks (94 clones). Unattached ‘frustrated’ ticks were held in fabric bags affixed to cattle for up to 24 hours to identify genes up-regulated prior to host penetration. Sequence analysis was based on BLAST, Panther, KOG and domain (CDD) analyses to assign functional groups for proteins including: Cuticle proteins, enzymes (ATPases), ligand binding (histamine binding), molecular chaperone (prefoldin), nucleic acid binding (ribosomal proteins), putative salivary proteins, serine proteases, stress response (heat shock, glycine rich) and transporters. An additional 63% of all contigs and singletons were novel R. microplus transcripts or predicted proteins of unknown function. Expression was confirmed using quantitative real time PCR analysis of selected transcripts. This is the first comprehensive analysis of the R. microplus transcriptome from multiple stages of ticks and assists to elucidate the molecular events during tick attachment and development.

Last Modified: 9/22/2014
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