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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: POTATO GENETICS, CYTOGENETICS, DISEASE RESISTANCE, AND PRE-BREEDING UTILIZING WILD AND CULTIVATED SPECIES Title: Effect of production site and storage on antioxidant levels in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) tubers

Authors
item Rosenthal, S - UW MADISON
item Jansky, Shelley

Submitted to: Journal of Food Composition and Analysis
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: May 13, 2008
Publication Date: August 1, 2008
Citation: Rosenthal, S., Jansky, S.H. 2008. Effect of production site and storage on antioxidant levels in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) tubers. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. 88(12):2087-2092.

Interpretive Summary: The potato can make a significant contribution of antioxidants to the human diet. In this study, antioxidant levels in tubers of 16 clones grown at four production sites (two conventional, two organic), both fresh and stored, were examined across two years. Antioxidant activity of fresh tubers at all locations was higher in 2006 than in 2005. Cooler late-season temperatures in 2006 may have been responsible for the increased levels of antioxidants. Stored tubers had higher levels of antioxidant activity than fresh tubers, with a larger storage effect in 2005, when antioxidant levels in fresh tubers were lower. There was no consistent effect of production system (organic versus conventional) on antioxidant activity in tubers. For the clones we evaluated, antioxidant levels were generally highest in potatoes grown in high-yielding production environments.

Technical Abstract: The potato can make a significant contribution of antioxidants to the human diet. In this study, antioxidant levels in tubers of 16 clones grown at four production sites (two conventional, two organic), both fresh and stored, were examined across two years. Antioxidant activity of fresh tubers at all locations was higher in 2006 than in 2005. Cooler late-season temperatures in 2006 may have been responsible for the increased levels of antioxidants. Stored tubers had higher levels of antioxidant activity than fresh tubers, with a larger storage effect in 2005, when antioxidant levels in fresh tubers were lower. There was no consistent effect of production system (organic versus conventional) on antioxidant activity in tubers. For the clones we evaluated, antioxidant levels were generally highest in potatoes grown in high-yielding production environments.

Last Modified: 10/20/2014
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