GENETIC ENHANCEMENT AND MANAGEMENT OF WARM SEASON GRASS SPECIES FOR FORAGE AND ALTERNATIVE USES
Location: Crop Genetics and Breeding Research
Title: Improving conservation tillage practices for pearl millet
Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: July 2, 2008
Publication Date: September 9, 2008
Citation: Wilson, J.P., Strickland, T.C., Truman, C.C., Schomberg, H.H., Maw, B.W. 2008. Improving conservation tillage practices for pearl millet. In: D.M. Endale (ed.) Proc. 30th Southern Conservation Agricultural Systems Conference and 8th Annual Georgia Conservation Production Systems Training Conference, July 29-31, 2008, Tifton, Georgia. Available: http://www.ag.auburn.edu/auxiliary/nsdl/scasc/.
Interpretive Summary: not required
Conservation tillage practices should reduce pearl millet production costs by saving time, fuel, and fertilizer, but there is little information available concerning recommendations. In this paper we summarize recent research, developments, and experiences in developing no-till practices and identifying improved varieties for more cost-effective production. Stand establishment is critical for successful cultivation of pearl millet using conservation tillage practices. Close row spacing can improve yield, but may increase the potential for lodging. Callisto is now registered for use on pearl millet, providing an effective weed management option. New experimental varieties are being identified for their suitability in no-till systems. When pearl millet is included as a grass rotation, soil carbon and nitrogen levels can increase. Profitability can be improved by double cropping with rye instead of burning down the biomass cover.